Working Copy with pictures:
May 6, 2013
TWO ANNOTATED PRESBYTERIAN
MISSIONARIES’ ARTICLES SERVING
CLEAR FORK AND MARSH FORK
DISTRICTS OF RALEIGH
1895 -- 1928
Emma Agnes Jackson, Presbyterian Missionary
Note: Miss. Jackson wrote this
recollection that describes her first day, December 31, 1896, and the beginning
of 18 years as a missionary in the Clear Fork, Marsh Fork and Whitesville
areas of Raleigh and Boone Counties, WV.
She served in the area many more years after writing the article before
transferring to Maryville College, TN as Dormitory Matron and then to Haines,
Alaska as Director of The Haines House, an orphanage. Because of ill health she was transferred
back to the Jarrolds Valley area where she later died and is buried in the
Presbyterian Cemetery there. I inserted the numerical superscripts, which
are described in detail at the end of her article to help the reader to
understand the characters, places and events better.
"Where do you live, Grandma?”
was the question asked a dear old, bright eyed, woman as she climbed Clear Fork
Mountain(1). The question
was asked by a Sunday school Missionary who was studying the problem of how to
help the women and children in the mountains who had very few contacts with
the outside world and were shy with strangers.
"I live over yon mountain, Sir, in Clear Fork Valley." "Do you have church and preaching and a
Sunday School in your valley?"
With a keen look in the dark eyes
the answer came without hesitation, "Stranger, we ain't got nothing
lasting over there, we are tired of having somebody bring us the Light and then
go away and leave us in the dark just as we were before they came. What we need is some one to bring us the
Light and stay with us to keep it aburnin."
"How would you like to have a
woman come and live here, teach the children and have a Sunday School for
everybody?" "I should like it powerful well, she could live with me
and teach me a heap of things."
Dr. Humble(2) crossed the
mountain with Grandma(3) and soon won the confidence of these
friendly people. In a few months he
fulfilled his promise and Miss Spencer(4), a Kansas school teacher, came to live with
Grandma. With her sympathetic understanding
heart, she soon won the confidence of both men and women.
Then a call came from another
valley; "We too need teachers."
My friend, Minnie Newcomb, and I decided to leave our beloved work in
New York City Mission and seek a field where there were fewer people to do the
work. I visited the secretary of our
church missionary society and told him what we wanted to do.
"Your work is waiting for
you." Then he told us of the
mountain valley where the school term lasted four months and the teachers were
poorly prepared for their important work.
Regular church work, Sunday School and prayer meeting were unheard
of. "You can be ready the first of
the year, you will find a welcome awaiting you." After Christmas I said Good‑bye to
family and friends who did not understand why we should leave a work where we
were happy and successful, for untried friends and work, in the depth of
I joined my friend in her home in
southern New Jersey. While in her home we used every available
argument to convince her father that the trip need not be injurious to a frail
girl like Minnie. My health was so
robust that no sympathy was wasted on me.
"How will you travel in that country, with no good roads and no railroads?”
Minnie's brothers wanted to know.
"We must ride horseback", was Minnie's reply. "That will be all right for Minnie for
she has lived in the country but how about you, who have never lived in the
country and know nothing about horses?" "Well Sam, I never borrow
trouble, so we shall meet the trouble when we have to and make the best of
it." "You had better take a
lesson while you are here and see how it goes.
I will bring Billy around to the porch where you can mount easily."
When Billy ambled up to the porch
and looked me over I do not think he approved of me. The ladies in Minnie's family were slender
and graceful, while I was rather short and decidedly stout. Billy wore no saddle, just a sursingle. I firmly grasped the porch pillar to steady
myself, but my courage failed me. As
Billy made no effort to move and I did not suggest it, we parted company. I slid off his back and he ambled away. Of course, the family enjoyed the
performance. I was glad to put off the
Our next discussion was concerning
Minnie's health which was not robust.
The sky was gray and there was every
indication that a snowstorm was not far away.
Mr. Newcomb was concerned lest we
travel into a storm and contact colds.
"Minnie, you must promise me that you will not go into the
mountains in a snowstorm. If you meet a
storm on the way stay in Charleston
until it is over."
We finally started, loaded with
advice and good wishes. The trip to Charleston was
uneventful. The minister met us at the
train station and we accompanied him to the Manse where we spent the night.
Nature was busy beautifying the
world with a lovely white blanket. We
questioned our host about the new field and unknown new friends.
Mr. Winters(5), the
minister, was non‑committal. I am
sure he was kindly so, thinking experience was the best teacher.
At first we thought of waiting until
the storm was past but when we learned that arrangements had been made to
transfer us from the railroad to our final destination which was a distance of
eighteen miles. We did not want to inconvenience
the friends at the other end of the line.
A short railroad trip on the main
line brought us to the entrance of a narrow valley(6) walled in by
high mountains. The creek and railroad
were contending for the right‑of‑way. We climbed into the caboose attached to the
end of a long coal train. The windows
were too high for practical use. The
seat had evidently been built for tall men.
The car swayed back and forth as we clung to the seat, holding to avoid
collision with the red-hot stove which occupied the center of space.
The dingy cabin homes, the high
mountains and the falling snow were depressing.
Minnie was homesick but the spirit of adventure kept me from a similar
attack so I tried to comfort her.
After a fifteen mile ride we arrived
at the Coal Town station which was the railroad
terminal. All the men in town, (Acme, West Virginia)(7)
were at the company store, which was also post office and station. They were interested in the two "strange
women" who were to arrive on the train.
An elderly man stepped out of the crowd and asked, "Be you them
Presbyterian women?" We assured him
we were the women he was looking for if he had come to take us across the
mountain. "I be," was the response. "Is your conveyance large enough to
carry our trunks?” was Minnie's question.
"Lor no, Honey, I haint got nothing but horses," he responded.
My consternstion spoiled my appetite
for dinner, which we ate in the town boarding house. Miss. Alden(8),
the school teacher was our hostess. She accompanied us to the stable to
help us out and start on our great adventure. Our elderly escort told us,
"Hain't going to let them fellows see you mount when you haint used to
hit. They might laugh at you." He meant to be kind, but it would have been
less a problem to mount from the store platform than it proved to be in the
There were two horses, the large
one, Joe, the small one Ruth. They were both spoiled and lazy.
Having spent all my life thus far in the city, my personal knowledge of horses
was very limited and these harmless animals looked formidable enough to be race
horses. Minnie suggested that I select the horse I preferred as either
one would suit her. I promptly selected poor little Ruth, saying,
"Minnie, Joe is so tall I dread a fall from such a height." I did not consider the size of the saddle
which was far too small for me.
Our kind escort had supplied several
small boxes to assist me in mounting but they were very unsteady, finally I was
seated in the saddle, but my courage was gone. "I cannot start, I am
scared stiff." It flashed over me,
if I do not ride I must take the train back home to street cars and
defeat. Dear Miss. Alden suggested we bow our heads and ask for
courage. Without a word spoken audibly the goodly number of eyes in
doorways and windows and along the road watched the strangers and doubtlessly
wonder why the big woman was riding the little mare.
And still it snowed.
The mile up the creek was very rough
and we were glad to reach the foot of the mountain and smooth road. The
old man trudged along on foot. Every once in a while he had to take the
snow out from under the horse’s hoofs and still it continued to snow. I
felt as though I was in the saddle to stay so had lost my fear. After we
crossed the ridge at the top and we began to descend I found another
difficulty. Ruth wanted to drop her head and I felt certain I would slide
over it if she did. The short winter day was rapidly becoming twilight
and we were hoping we might reach a resting place before midnight. At
last we reached the foot of the mountain and a view of the Valley opened before
us. At this point our old friend, who had watched over us so carefully,
told us to trust the horses to take us to our destination, as he would go
around the hill.
We followed the friendly advice and
soon found ourselves forging the river with water above the horse's
knees. This was a new surprise, but after several similar experiences we
ceased to be surprised at anything that might happen.
We were glad to see light that meant
a home and knew it could be no other than Grandma's. Miss. Spencer, the
pioneer missionary, boarded with Grandma. When she heard the clatter of
the horse’s hoofs she came out to welcome her new untried fellow workers.
Ruth was led up to a large packing case, which had evidently been exposed to
wind and weather for some time. I felt, after the long ride as though
Ruth and I were inseparable.
After a strenuous effort I slid
gracefully out of the saddle onto ‑‑ did I say onto ‑‑
through the box to the evident relief of Ruth and the amusement of the friends
who could not restrain their merriment.
Thus ended the first horseback ride,
accomplished without accident.
We had a merry time at the supper
table. The old friend and fellow traveler over the mountain asked me to
have "some of the beast, just fresh killed." The beast did not appeal to me, but Grandma's
delicious biscuit and fresh honey supplied all my need. The snow continued to
fall. This was New Year's Eve, the last day of 1896. Miss
Spencer told us of the meeting that was to be held in the school house across
the river. She hoped we would go as the people were looking forward to
How would we get there? Ben(9), Grandma's son answered,
"We cross on the little bridge, but you need not be afeared for I will carry
the light and will lead you." Of
all things to try to cross the river on a snowy foot‑log after our
strenuous day. How I envied Minnie's early training in the country.
Then how could a "Soldier of the Cross" refuse to do the first hard
thing that presented itself to be done?
Ben took the lantern and helped me
to climb up to the snowy log, my terror was unreasonable and very real.
When we reached the other side I crawled up the bank and soon reached the
school house. There were about sixteen people at the meeting. To my
shame I confess I never could recall anything that was said or done at that
meeting. My only thought was as to how I was to cross that footlog and
climb down that bank again that night. I never learned to cross a log
bridge, although I lived in the Valley eighteen years.
When we finally arrived at the place
where there would not be another trip until the next day, we sat down before
the beautiful open fire to plan for the next ride.
Ben was a most interesting talker
and very willing to carry out our wishes as far as possible. "I
reckon you women are tired but we must find out how you want to go down the
Valley. Do you want the horses or shall
I take the wagon?" Minnie looked at
me and I think my face was expressive, for she instantly left the decision with
me. "If it does not make any difference with you I prefer the
wagon." The next morning was bright
and clear. We bade our new friends, Grandma and Miss Spencer, good‑bye
and expressed our appreciation of the lovely hospitality we had received.
We saw Ben coming with a team of mules and the wagon to "Haul you women
down the river." We started off for
the eight mile ride down Coal
sitting on chairs back of the wagon seat to which we clung when the sudden
lurches, as we drove over bumps, threatened to throw us out.
However, the good night's rest, the
beautiful blue sky with fleecy clouds, the bright sunshine and lovely mountains
covered with snow gave us a zest for new experience. Our guest was very
entertaining with his kind voice and quaint use of old English words and
phrases that were never heard in New
York City, we thoroughly enjoyed our ride. We
drove through a number of fords which were so rough we would not have been
surprised had we been dumped into the river. Ben seemed to enjoy us as
much as we did him. Long after, when we had become warm friends, he said
to me, "When I first met you and heard you talk, the day I hauled you and
Miss. Newcomb down the river, I thought you was the fumiest talking women I
ever heard." "Did you,
Ben?" I asked, "Well, we are even for I thought you was the funniest
talking man I had ever heard."
"I recken." Then we
both laughed and reminissed some more.
In course of time we came in sight
of what was to be our home for six months. A log house (eighty years old)(11)
built under a hill with one small window at the end. As we crossed the
last ford which was longer than any of the others, we saw the family come out
to look at the "New Women" who were to live in their house.
Mr. Phipps(12), tall
and slim, Mrs. Phipps just the opposite from her husband, a large strong
woman. Martha, the oldest daughter, tall and thin, and slightly stooped
from caring for too many babies. Murl, a good looking boy of fourteen and
Guy, his brother, twelve; Artie, plump, freckled and much like her
mother. Then there were Blanche and Carl, "Little old girls,"
as their mother designated them. Mother and girls dressed in red linsey,
the boys with shirts to match, made a colorful group.
"I have brung the women, Aunt
Cora, and you must be good to them," was Ben's introduction. We were
ushered into the room with the small window which was partially
furnished. Two beds, a large box for a table, small boxes for the
children to sit on and a few chairs. What interested us most was the
cabinet organ. We asked which one was the musician.
A family of young men(13)
had purchased the organ thinking it was manipulated with a crank. When
they discovered they were mistaken, they wanted to sell it. Our new neighbors
said, "Them will know how to use it and maybe will teach my
girls." I liked her for looking
forward, hoping the new neighbors would be a help to her girls.
in the day Mrs. Phipps brought out a box of gifts some one had sent to be
used for the community Christmas tree.
They had never had a tree or any Christmas celebration. We agreed
to help them out on Sunday as Monday was the beginning of the new year we would
celebrate on Monday. We were not prepared to arrange a real Christmas
program but we could tell of God's gift to the world "His only begotten
Son" and Minnie was a sweet singer and could give the message in
song. We had enough small gifts so the
children could each have something for their own.
Early in the afternoon two young men(14)
came in for an introduction. They worked in a lumber camp twenty miles
away and walked over the mountains to see what a Christmas bush was like.
They heard we were to have one in our school house. The boys brought a
"Bush" from the woods. The girls
decorated it as well as possible with the scanty supply of material and
everyone was happy.
Great stalwart men, awkward young
fellows, shy in the presence of strangers, young women as shy and awkward as
the boys. Mothers wearing their best gingham aprons and a goodly number
of dear little children came. We told the Christmas story and sang
Christmas hymns, and wished everyone a "Happy New Year".
The log school house was across the
river, the weather had turned much colder and the river was frozen over.
Another problem of travel. Mrs. Phipps came in with a young girl
named Ninnie. Ninnie had an old white
mare and was willing to ferry us over, one at a time. We walked down to
the ford, which was slippery. We mounted from a fallen tree and sat behind
Ninnie clinging to her skirts.
Curiosity brought quite a large
group out to see the new arrivals so we had an opportunity to tell the people
why we had come and to ask for their co‑operation in the Sunday School
work and other meetings we hoped to have so we might know our Bibles better,
and how to live to please the Heavenly Father who so "Loved the world that
He gave His only begotten Son that whosoever believeth in Him should never
perish but have everlasting life."
This was the beginning of eighteen
happy years in the Valley in the West Virginia Hills. Joe and I were pals
and he carried me over thousands of miles of rough country on all kinds of
errands night and day. Minnie had a mate for Joe called Phillip. These faithful horses never failed us when we
Several years later when our work
was well established and a number of communities were enjoying their own Sunday
schools and other activities we received from home a baby organ. We
stopped at Grandma's to help with a week's meetings and to share our new
blessing with the friends in the community, in the school house where we had
spent our first New Year's Eve. The meetings were lovely and the organ
had been a great help. Each evening Grandma had been as close to the organ
as possible. At the close I asked, "Have you had a happy time this
week?" Grandma responded, "Lor
yes, honey. God has been so good to us. First He sent us Sunday Schools
and Prayer Meetings and Preaching and now an organ. But best of all He
sent you women to teach us about the Light and you stayed with us to be the
sufferers to keep the lights burning."
Esther (Jarrell) Snipes of Marion, NC gave Miss. Jackson’s article to me in
1985. Esther (14 Aug. 1901 Packsville,
WV-27 Aug. 2001 Marion, NC) was the daughter of Uncle George M. and
Aunt Mary Jane “Molly” (Farley) Jarrell.
Miss. Jackson was transferred years later to Maryville,
College, TN as dormitory matron, and then to Haines, Alaska
as Director of The Haines House orphanage.
Esther joined her in Alaska
as a missionary. Miss. Jackson died
after returning to WV from Alaska and at her
request was buried in the Jarrolds
Church Cemetery. The church was torn down in late 1950s. Mr. Argle Estep was occupying the old
missionary house “manse” in 1987 when I visited him. I noticed on March 24, 2010 that the manse
was gone. Miss. Jackson's headstone
In Loving Memory of Emma Agnes Jackson
July 13 1871 ‑ March 27 1937
The following definitions of the
superscripts to Miss. Jackson's article may help to identify the area and
people described by her.
FORK MOUNTAIN. Clear
is wrongly described as the mountain between Clear Fork and Cabin Creek. Clear Fork
Mountain is the mountain
between Clear Fork and Little Marsh Fork.
The trail (road) described (on Kayford
Mountain) is still used today and
still wrongly called Clear
by some locals. Kayford Mountain
is the name of the mountain between upper Cabin Creek and Clear Fork. Kayford is also the name of a town on Cabin
*(2) DR. HUMBLE.
Dr. Christopher Humble, his wife, and son, Robert, were from Chicago. Dr. Humble was serving in Charleston making visits into Clear Fork
assessing the area for missionary activity.
He was responsible for getting Miss. Priscilla Spencer, the first
missionary, to come to the area. Dr.
Calvin Ely later joined Dr. Humble and they built, in 1904, the little Jarrolds
Valley Presbyterian Church, located across Big Coal River from Whitesville, at then mouth
of Clear Fork. A few months later, a
house for missionaries to live in called "manse" was built
nearby. Joseph A. Barrett, a local
merchant, donated the land on which the church, cemetery and manse were
built. Graves in the cemetery are:
Charles D.J. Barrett April 18, 1908-Aug. 13,
H. Maud Barrett 1880-1969
Joseph A. Barrett 1875-1934
Joseph L. Barrett Feb.
28, 1906-Jan. 9, 1984 WWII
Opal Barrett 1902-1905
Emma Agnes Jackson July
13, 1871-March 27, 1937
Ashley B. Morton Jan.
29. 1906-Feb. 26, 1924
Helen B. Watson 1911-1994
Remains of Jarrolds Valley
Presbyterian Church Steps
Grandma was Julia Ann (Abbott) Jarrell.
Julia (b.1825 Pipestem) was the daughter of Wilson Smith and Mary
(Keatley) Abbott [Both are buried in Cooper-Bone
Cemetery at Dry
Creek]. She married #1 (Sept. 8, 1847)
Adam Toney, the son of Poindexter and Jane Toney, and after their divorce #2
(Dec. 11, 1856) Lemuel Calfee Jarrell, Jr. (June 1826 Marfork- ~1907
Colcord). Lemuel, Jr. was the son of
Lemuel, Sr. and Elizabeth (Farley) Jarrell.
Lemuel, Jr.'s first wife, Julia F. Windsor was the daughter of Charles
and Elizabeth (Childress) Windsor, died on 9 June 1855. Lemuel, Jr. and Julia F. Windsor's children
Joseph S. married Mary _______
Nancy Ann married Burwell Pettry
Elizabeth F. married #1 Anthony Lawson Stover
Benjamin Franklin married Alice
Julia Ann Abbott and
Adam Toney had one child, Harriet Ann (~1847-26 March 1883), who married (Feb.
15, 1868) Callous Jackson Jarrell (~1842 Mercer Co.-20 April 1922 Dry
Creek). Callous lost a leg during the
Civil War on Sept. 14, 1864 while serving in the Confederate Army near Richmond, Va. Lemuel, Jr. and Julia Ann lived at the upper
end of Dorothy on Clear Fork where the Thacker Coal Company coal tipple was
built. Lemuel, Jr. enlisted on 10
Oct.1861 into what later became the Union’s 7th W.Va., Cavalry Co. H. He was described as 6'-2", tall fair
complexion, hazel eyes, with dark hair.
Known children of Julia Ann (Abbott-Toney) and Lemuel, Jr. are:
John Lewis. married #1 Elizabeth Catherine Thompson
Mary Wilson married Robert M. Hunter
William W. b. 20 July 1859
James married Martha E. Jarrell
Charles Lemuel 11 Jan. 1866-24 July 1866
Virginia married Samuel Echols
James Covington married Chole Zella
SPENCER. Miss. Martha Priscilla Spencer
(Dec. 7, 1850 PA– Feb. 27, 1929 Washington, DC), the first woman missionary in
the area ~1895, was a Kansas
schoolteacher. She is credited as the
founder and guiding director of the Pattie
School “The Home School” at Colcord, WV
in 1901. Miss. Adams, niece of Miss.
Spencer, joined her later as a missionary. Miss. Spencer first boarded with Lemuel, Jr.
and Julia Ann Jarrell for about 4 years, then lived in a house that became part
of The Home School. She later
transferred to Acme on Cabin Creek serving as a missionary. For her relatively short stay at Clear Fork,
her contribution is still recognized.
*(5) MR. WINTERS.
"Mr. Winters, the minister, was noncommittal." Mr.
Winters had been in the Dry Creek area as a missionary Minister. Having a daughter out of wedlock with Ella
Mae Pettry may have prompted him to transfer to Charleston.
The child’s name was Dora. The
missionaries later sent Dora to school and gave her a good education through
the Presbyterian establishment.
*(6) ENTRANCE OF A NARROW VALLEY. Misses. Newcomb and Jackson had taken the train
to the station at the mouth of Cabin Creek.
Here they transferred to a coal train for Acme, WV.
WEST VIRGINIA. Acme is a coalmining town 16 miles up Cabin
Creek. The road from Acme across Kayford Mountain that Misses. Newcomb and
Jackson traveled is still used today.
*(8) MISS ALDEN.
‑‑‑I have no data on Miss. Alden.‑‑
Benjamin Franklin Jarrell (Oct. 27, 1854–Aug. 28, 1938 Colcord), son of
Lemuel, Jr. and his first wife, Julia F. (Windsor)
Jarrell, married (5 April 1880) Alice Carroll Jarrell (21 Jan. 1858–12 April
1937), the daughter of Anderson
and #2 Martha Jane (Carrow) Jarrell.
Known children of Ben and Alice are:
Zora F. b. Feb. 1881 married John Holsten ?
Lula C. b. Sept. 1883 married Madison “Matt”
Bonia A. b. April 1886
Willa J. b. Feb. 1889 married William Grogan
Violorna “Burnia” b. June 1891
Percilla Martha b. May 1897 married Sampson John “S.J.” Morrie
RIVER. Miss. Jackson should have correctly said,
"eight mile ride down Clear Fork to Big Coal River". Coal
River extends from Kanawha River
in Kanawha Co. through Boone Co. Coal River
is made up of the confluence of Little and Big Coal Rivers in Lincoln County
at the “Forks of the Coal”. Little Coal
River is the drainage from Danville and Madison areas of Boone County with the
waters of Turtle Creek and the confluence of Spruce Fork and Pond Fork. Big Coal River
extends to one-half mile above Whitesville.
At this point (fork), Big
is made up of the confluence of Clear Fork and Marsh Fork in Raleigh County. Clear Fork got its name from always having
clear water, even after large rains.
Marsh Fork got its name because the headwaters begin at Harper Hill and
the marshes in the Glen Daniel area of Raleigh Co. This area was called "Marshes of the
Coal". Originally called Right Hand
Fork and Clear Fork was called Left Hand Fork of the Coal.
*(11) A LOG HOUSE (EIGHTY YEARS OLD). This log house was originally built about ~1840
by and was the home of David and Elizabeth (Pettry) Holstein. Misses. Newcomb and Jackson lived here until
moving into the newly built manse near the Jarrolds Valley Presbyterian Church.
*(12) MR. PHIPPS.
Joel R. Phipps (4 March 1864 Sandlick-8 May 1939 Huntington,
WV), son of Andrew Lewis and Emily Frances
(Daniel) Phipps, married (Dec. 9, 1882) #1 Cora Elizabeth Jarrell (19 July 1859
Jarrold’s Valley-15 Oct. 1922 Huntington),
daughter of Leftrich and Mary Jane (Meadows) Jarrell. Joel married (1924)
#2 Mrs. Elizabeth Akers after Cora died and was divorced in about one year of
marriage to her. In Huntington, Joel and Cora operated a grocery
store. Joel and Cora had nine children
and all were born at Jarrolds Valley (Whitesville,
WV). Their know children are:
Lee 1884-1957 married Grover
Oscar Murl 1885-1960 married Effie Mae Holton
Guy Leftridge 1887-1951 married Mattie Jane Keyser
Artie Frances 1889-1970 married #1 William Cole Mallory
Joseph Allen Merritt
Grace Oct. 11, 1891-Mar.
Carl James 1893-1976 married Brookie Louise Griffith
Lena Blanche 1895-1973 married Leonard Norman Rogers
Jean Ester 1898-1974 married Hal Edward Wertz
Cesyl Reaugh 1900-1971 married Sadie Ruth Hinchman
Joel and Cora Phipps lived at Jarrolds Valley (Whitesville) where the White
Coal Company Store was built, just below the old railroad station and water
tower. Joel and Cora later lived and
died in Huntington, WV. I
believe Joel originally farmed but later may have worked for the C&O
Railroad when it was built to Whitesville.
One of their grandsons, James Edward Phipps, the son of Oscar Murl
Phipps, became a prominent doctor in Huntington,
*(13) A FAMILY OF YOUNG MEN. This was the family of Floyd Jackson and
Pauline Ann (Jarrell) Williams who had 11 boys and lived at Rock Creek, Colcord
and Pettus. Floyd (b.~1839) was the son
of Lewis and Catherine (Scarbrough) Williams, married (1863) Pauline
"Pliney" (25 Aug. 1840~1900) the daughter of James Anderson and
Martha (Pettry) Jarrell. Sons of Floyd
and "Pliney" are:
James Lewis “Buzz” (b.1864) married Alethia
A. Toney (b.1868)
George Thomas (1867-1951) married Lurissa (Farley) Brown (b.1871)
Jacob died 12 years old
Andrew Jackson (1869-1951) married #1
#2 Deznie Vern Raines
John Morris (1871-1946) married Othea
Alice Kuhn (1879-1947)
Joseph Nelson “Joe” 11 August 1875-17 August 1900 of TB
Robert Lee (1877-1967) married Lura
Belle Massey (1882-1952)
Charles Logan (1880-1958) married Sarah Louise Webb (1882-1955)
Jefferson (1886-1960) married #1
Josie Richmond (b.~1890)
#2 Sarah Frances (Cantley) Cantley
(b.1887) married Florence Jarrell
Also in this family was Phillip
Sheridan “Mac” McMillion (Dec. 7, 1872-Jan. 24, 1948 Dameron, WV), the son of
Floyd J. Williams and Elizabeth McMillion, the daughter of Nathaniel and Jane
G. (Hendricks) McMillion. Floyd and
Pauline reared "Mac" with their own sons for a number of years. Mac married #1 (July 11, 1900) Angeline Clay
(May 1878-Apr. 25, 1905), the daughter of Ralph Stewart and Susan (McMillion)
Clay, #2 (Nov. 23, 1907) Ella B. Boseworth (b.1891), and #3 (Dec. 18, 1918) Ada Belle Underwood (b.Oct.
10, 1896), the daughter of Jehu and Martha Lucretia (Scarbrough)
Underwood. Mac and Angeline had no known
children, but Mac and Ella’s had a son, William Dawson (7 April 1911-5 Dec.
1960), who married Luemma Jane Acord, the daughter of William H. “Tally” and
Rosie (Tabor) Acord. Mac and Ada Belle’s
known children are:
Gwen married ____________ Collins
Icie May 1919-1995 married #1
#2 Woodrow Wilson Bonds
Harold S. b. 1927 married
Helen Ruth 1929~1992 married John Bonds
Rexford Lee b. 1937 married Vonnie Sue Adkins
After Pauline died, Floyd married #2
Rachell Belle (Cook) Claypool, the daughter of Leonidas Hamilton and Lurena
(Webb) Cook and the widow of John Floyd Claypool. Floyd J. and Rachell had no children, but
Rachell’s daughter Nyanza Claypool married William Averill “Willie” Clay the
son of James Mandeville and Ludosia (Cantley) Clay. Willie was also the widower of #1 Nancy
Elizabeth McGinnis and #2 Nancy Mae “Kennie” (Vaneklinde-Miller) Clay. After Floyd J. died, Rachell married #3
Samuel Cantley, the son of James Alexandra and Rebecca Jane (Clay) Cantley and
the widower of Sarah (Richmond)
Floyd and his brother Laynus “Linus” [b.1836, married to Preachy Toney]
were members of Capt. William D. Thurmond’s Rangers, CSA Fayette Co. Home
Guard, during the Civil War. Their only
foray with the enemy was with Capt. Blazer’s Federals, USA, from Gallipolis,
OH at Green Sulfur Springs on
Lick Creek in Summers Co. WV. Blazer’s
Federals was an OH Home Guard outfit on a raiding party foraging in WV. Both Home Guards were plundering and up to no
good, accidentally met each other and for 10 minutes exchanged gunfire
resulting in some minor wounds and a wounded horse that died the next day, each
side quickly retreated to where they came from.
Linus and his cousin, George F. Williams, died (1 Aug. 1896) instantly
after they unknowingly drink Tannic or Carbolic Acid stored in a whiskey bottle
while setting on horses traveling with friends.
George had picked up the wrong bottle when he left home that day.
*(14) TWO YOUNG MEN. The two young men were brothers Charles and
Joseph Williams. They were two of eleven
sons of Floyd J. and Pauline (Jarrell) Williams. At that time Charles and Joseph worked on
Clear Fork in timber and stayed at the timber camp at the mouth of Sycamore
Hollow during the week. Their home was
at Pettus, one mile up river from Whitesville.
Later Joseph became engaged to Minnie B. Newcomb and studied to become a
minister. Joseph died at age 25 of TB before
any marriage and was buried at the Packsville
has a sandstone tombstone, made locally, and is still readable (1999). Some 20+ years later, Minnie Newcomb had
developed TB and heart problems and returned to her home in New Jersey where she died.
was named after William H. Pettus, who was from KY and was President/Owner of a
Coal Mine there. The coalmine was
located at Clay’s Bottom.
Newcomb (May 1875 Hamilton, NJ~1923 Hamilton, NJ of heart problems) and Jackson
(July 13, 1871 Elizabeth, NJ–March 27, 1937 Jarrolds Valley, WV) stopped at
Joseph A. Barrett's home at Pettus on the evening of ___________, while on
their way to visit the home of Floyd Williams where Pauline (25 Aug. 1840
Packsville ~1900 Pettus), his wife, was very ill. When leaving the
Barrett's home they asked their hired girl, Sarah Webb, to accompany
them. While visiting, Pauline “Pliney” asked Sarah to come closer so she
could see her better. Pauline died while Sarah was talking to her. Pauline died in the later months of 1900 and
is buried in the Packsville
Cemetery, on the right
side of her son, Joseph Nelson Williams, and has only fieldstones as
markers. Floyd Williams is buried on the
left side of his son, Joseph. Packsville Cemetery is located on a mountainside
across the creek from the A.T. Massey Coal Company’s office building. A.T. Massey’s office building [Now Alpha
Energy Resources, Inc.] is located on the original site of Martin Petry,
patriarch of all the Pettry (spl) families in the area, and later, George M.
Jarrell’s (Pliney’s brother) home. *
Sarah Louise (Webb) and Charles Logan
Charles Logan Williams’ Home after relocated
on Rt. 3, Naoma, WV
As the horse drawing wagon funeral
procession with Pauline's body being taking to the cemetery at Packsville,
passed a log house on a bluff under construction at Pettus, Sarah Webb
asked Miss. Jackson who was building the house. To this she replied that
it was Charles Williams, Pauline's son. Later that day Miss. Jackson
introduced Sarah Louisa Webb, the daughter of Andrew Wilson and Annis (Webb)
Webb, to Charles Logan Williams. They
were marriage on 28 Sept. 1904. Misses.
Newcomb and Jackson gave curtains as a wedding gift for their home. My mother and father also married in this log
house in the morning of 25 Dec. 1924 by Rev. Jordan D. Peters. That same evening, Grandma Sarah gave birth
to her son Lawrence. This log house was
dismantled and rebuilt at Naoma,
WV on State Route 3 by Roger
Hamilton in 1988. The pictures above
were taken when it was erected there.
The cabin was then sold in 2009 to Richard Weaver, 218 Wilson St., Ravenswood,
Phone: 304-373-5969. Richard Weaver
plans to rebuild it at Belpre,
OH. Charles and Sarah (Webb) Williams are my grandparents.
I remember Grandpa calling a Christmas tree, "Christmas bush" and
always called Grandma, "Her” or “She". Grandpa addressing Grandma as "Her” or
“She" was in keeping with the awkwardness, shy and bashfulness of men
around women at that time. Grandpa was
reared in a family of twelve boys.
Addressing Grandma with a pet name, or even her first name, would
suggest a much too personal relationship even though they were married and had
Sarah Louise (Webb) and Charles Logan Williams
and their young family. 1921 McGinnis Fork, Rock Creek, WV.
WOMEN AND MISSIONS
On 23 June 2007 at a
‘Pettry-Bradford’ family reunion at Meadow Creek,
WV, the following article was discovered in a
photo album of Artie Irene (Pettry) Bradford. This article is in the possession of Carol
JoAnn (Bradford) Thomas, Artie’s daughter and
the great-granddaughter of Ella Pettry.
The Pettrys at the reunion are the descendants of Dewey Pettry, a
grandson of Ella Pettry. The Bradfords
are descendents of Artie Irene (Pettry) Bradford. Artie and Dewey are children of Ella’s
daughter, Lillian Mae Belle (Pettry) Perry.
Pettry - Bradford Reunion
Here is the article from “WOMEN AND
MISSIONS” a monthly magazine of National and Foreign Missions, 156 Fifth Ave., New
York City, NY. Published by the Woman’s Committees of the
Boards Missions of the Presbyterian Church, Vol. V, November 1928. The article is “Mountain Women”, written by
Misses. Anna Bell Stewart and Rose M. Stewart and can be found on pages
288-290. This article reads and sounds
like Miss. Emma Agnes Jackson’s previous article, “PIONEERING ON HORSEBACK”. At one time I believed Miss. Jackson’s
article was modified to fit the stories Misses. Rose Stewart and Anna Bell
Stewart wanted to tell. After reading
other articles written that were published in the “Women and Missions”
magazine, it appears all of the articles had the same style and flavor as the
rest. Religious people, then as today,
tend to write and talk the same, using the same metaphors and phrases in
describing their world. You often feel
that you have heard the same thing before from a different Christian, no matter
where you are
I added the superscripts in the article. At the end of the article, each superscript
is identified further to help the reader to understand the characters, places
and events better.
The article “Mountain Women” in a
Presbyterian Publication, Vol. V, November
“WOMEN AND MISSIONS”
“THESE HAVE HEARD THE CALL”
by: Misses. Anna Bell Stewart(1) and Rose M.
Stewart(2), Presbyterian Missionaries
The stories of the two mountain
women told below are true. Aunt Moll
Thompson and Ellie lived in the neighborhood of the Pattie C. Stockdale School(3)
at Colcord, an inspiration to all who knew them. Mountain women have great reticence about
appearing in print, but these have made sacrifice of their own innate modesty
on the altar of their Lord in the hope that their stories may help others. Our hearts were made glad this week by a
visit from dear old Aunt Moll Thompson, the saint and intercessor of this
valley, too badly crippled with rheumatism to get out often, but a blessing to
us all. She walked about in the dormitory,
then into church, exclaiming, ‘Oh, isn’t it beautiful? It’s the Lord’s House, and just think, it’s
ours!’ Yes, “ours” indeed, for this dear
child of God had a large part in bringing the church here. For eight long years she prayed for the
gospel to be brought to this absolutely unchurched valley lying in spiritual
Aunt Moll was once out of the valley
to a point where there were missionaries.
On her return she began to pray for workers to come to Colcord,
especially that her children might know the gospel. To this day she loves to show the old stone
which was her altar day by day and where she prayed with the tears running down
the crevices in the stone. She never
doubts that we are here only because she prayed. Her zeal and earnestness and her childlike
faith are an inspiration to us always.
Two years ago when we were seeking a
pastor she joined us in prayer that the right man should be sent. We were much touched at the prayer meeting
when she expressed the opinion that the Lord had sent him just because we
prayed, and had chosen the very best one for us. Her child mind had not grasped the fact that
others were praying as well and that many forces were operating in bringing
about the answer to our prayers.
Aunt Moll has been president of our
young missionary society. Pages could be
filled with her attempts at presiding, which are both pathetic and humorous and
at the same time inspiring. Poised
firmly on her substantial feet, her ample body sways back and forth as she
spells out the words in the passage of scripture of her choice, and earnestly
prays for blessing upon us and upon the work of the kingdom. She was one of three old women who receive
their first lessons in reading from one of the early missionaries, and during
the last years Aunt Moll has become able to read the Bible. She is like many of our mountain people, who
can ‘read printing a little, but cannot read writing.’ Not long ago she gave me permission to send
out her story and I am using her own words to pass it on to others:
Years ago there were no missionaries
in the valley and no regular preaching.
I was in the Old White Oak graveyard up on the hill, at a funeral of a
man whose buryin’ had been a year or two before. There in the funeral I found
the Lord. At first I lived a Christian
life, but there was no one to help me and no meetings except every once in
while and I fell away and didn’t live like I ought. I felt so bad all the time I could hardly
stand it, and a last I began to pray and ask God to show me how to live and to
“One day, going up the road drivin’
my three children before me, I was a studyin’ about it, and I heard a voice
inside me say, ‘He forgive me.’ That
made me happy and I said out loud, ‘Thank God.’ Then I began to pray to God to
send me some one to help us up here.
Every day I left my little family and went up the holler to a rock in
Booger Branch(5). There I
cried to God for help for us. I shed
more tears on my knees before God than any other way. Even yet you can see the stone and big
crevice where my tears rolled down. I
prayed hard, ’Oh God, send me somebody to stay and keep us up.’
“Long years I prayed. Then the Mormons(6) came, but they
were not the answer to my prayer. Law
no, I couldn’t bear them. Then the first
thing I knowed, a Presbyterian preacher(7) came over the top of Kayford Mountain(8) and met my dear
sister in Lord, Aunt Julie Jarrell(9). He told her he was a minister and was aimin’
to start Sunday school over at the mouth of Sycamore(10). She said, ‘Thank God! He’s sendin’ the light. That’s what we want; it’s the light.’ Others used to bring the light and take it
away again. Then it was backer than
“Then right at once him and our
lovin’ sister, Miss Spencer(11), came in, and they both boarded with
Aunt Julie. From the first Miss Spencer
came to my house and we would go to the hills together and pray. It was a sight, the way we were together
talking to God and His works. I went
with her to the other homes when I could get away. In two weeks a Sunday school was
started. How I loved it! I was like a new born babe in Christ. It seemed I had to be fed and it had to grow
into me. As I grew older it meant more
and more to me and was more than anything on earth, and is yet.
“My lovin’ friend Miss Spencer gave
me a Bible and put me to readin’ it. She
taught three of us together. We had
prayed meetings at our house and they were blessed times. Oh, I never will forget it the night that the
Lord showed my little boy how he stood before Him! That boy is a man now and still talks of the
blessings of those meetings.
“I said, ‘Ain’t you goin’ to build a
church?’ Soon a little chapel was put up
and happy days began. Miss Spencer
helped me and I followed her. I jined
the church as soon as it came. My (a
picture of Ellie Pettry and Jr. feeding chickens was inserted here with the
caption; “Seventy and Seven”) daughter in law and me were the first to go into
it. It began to grow from that on. My church is my whole life. What would this valley be without the
church? I am afraid to think about it!
“For years we have had family
prayers, my old man and me, and now our boarder takes turn with us. From the first I have worked and helped the
church in every way I could, but I never did anything as hard as president of
the missionary society. My oldest
daughter has been workin’ in the Presbyterian Church ever since it came
here. My other two jinxed the church
too, and have holped what they can. I’m
still prayin’ for my boys that are not saved.”
“You can go back home and tell folks
about me. Then they’ll know this
missionary work was worth while.”
(The sacrifice of the pride that
shrink from being “told about” was Ellie’s gift to the mission which had brought
peace and joy and righteousness into her life.)
I’ve done wrong through life, but
there was no one to tell us different.
Before the Presbyterian missionaries came we had no Sunday school,
church, Bible or anything. Then one day
a woman rode over Horse
and rang the bell at the Muddy Linn schoolhouse(14). Of course, we all went to see what it was
about, and the woman led us inside and began to teach us the Bible.
“Miss Jackson(15) and
Miss Newcomb(16) used to ride horseback from Jarrell’s Valley(17)
to Dry Creek(18) (about twelve miles) and have Sunday school for
us. They keep it up for about a year and
a half, and had one Christmas tree for us- the first time we ever saw the
like. Then Miss Bunday(19)
came and sent one of my girls off to school.
She and Miss McEwen(20) had a sewing class, too. Miss Harris(21) and Dr. Mills(22)
came next. I don’t know just how long
Dr. Mills stayed, but it was right smart while and she did a lot for us in
sickness and in trouble. After she died,
Miss Harris went away and Mr. and Mrs. Reaugh(23) stayed ten or
twelve years. Mrs. Reaugh taught us most
we know about canning and cooking and Mr. Reaugh the Bible.
We never had a Bible till Miss
Bunday gave one to my girl Belle(24). Then Miss Harris gave a Bible to every girl
and boy that would learn The Ten Commandments, the Lord’s Prayer, the Apostle’s
Creed, the Twenty-third Psalm, and the books of the Bible. Five Bibles came to our house that time-one
to my grandson(25) six years old.
He learned them by hearing the rest say them so much. Four of my girls went to the Home school(26)
one time and another. One(27)
was given a grand education. The
missionary women were always welcome in our home, and they gave us clothing(28)
and other things to help us live. I
always went to Sunday school and took the children. I didn’t just make them learn the golden
texts, but the whole lesson to say by heart every Sunday.
“Tell your folks back home that
every one of my six girls(29) lived to have a Christian home and two
of my granddaughters are promised to missionary work; and ask them if it wasn’t
When I first knew Ellie we were
working hard for the Kingdom in the little missionary society on Dry
Creek. Nothing could stem her energy or
discourage her enthusiasm as she pieced and quilted and raised her chickens for
the sake of those who, like herself, “had no one to tell them better.” I wanted to give her some small gift in
appreciation of her help, but, she refused, “No, no, I never did it for
pay.” But when urged she yielded shyly,
“Well, if you’re aimed to give me something, could it be a Testament with right
big letters? I could maybe learn to
spell ‘em out.’ She got the Testament
and in a month had spelled through most of the Gospel of Matthew. How many would ask for a Testament as the
choicest gift if they lacked shoes and the ordinary comforts of life?
The light that came to her home has
been passed on. One of her girls has
brought up three homeless children, and Ellie in her seventies has taken on the
task of mothering another little “throwed out” child from a Charleston
orphanage- she at seventy and he at seven(30), snatching a living
from a mere rock pile tip-tilted on a mountain side(31), but with
enough to spare a mite for those who have been left out.
The following definitions of the
superscripts to the article above in (WOMEN AND MISSIONS) may help to identify
the area and people described.
*(1) MISS ANNA BELL STEWART. Miss. Anna Bell Stewart was the Director
and supervisor of Pattie
“The Home School” Colcord, W.Va.
from 1925 to 1935.
*(2) MISS ROSE M. STEWART. Miss. Rose M. Stewart was a teacher at “The Home School”.
*(3) PATTIE C. STOCKDALE SCHOOL. Pattie
School at Colcord, WV
was established in 1901 by Miss. Martha Priscilla Spencer who was the first
missionary to come to the Clear Fork area in ~1895. Most often referred to as “The Home School”,
this school originally was for girls but later a few boys attended. Ms. Elizabeth Stockdale originally financed
three building naming the chapel “Pattie C. Stockdale” after her mother. It is unclear to me what the correct name of
the school was. In the later years of
operation it was often referred to as the “The Home School College”. I have a piece of school stationary that Anna
Belle Stewart, Director, wrote a note to Ella Pettry. Heading on the stationary and note:
Colcord, West Virginia
The Board of National Missions
of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.
Anna Belle Stewart, Director
My dear friend:
told a friend of mine about how you got hurt and she has sent you a Christmas
was so sorry to hear of Mrs. Bradley’s death after I got home. Was sorry we did not hear of it in time to go
to the service.
love, your friend, Anna Belle
Note: Mrs. Bradley was Ella’s daughter Electra
Paris who married Alfred Louden Bradley.
Electra (Sept. 8, 1879-Nov. 25 1929) and Alfred were divorced at this
*(4) AUNT MOLL. Aunt
Pauline “Moll” (Jarrell) Thompson (March 1850 ~1946) was the daughter of Albert
and Julia Ann (Rutherford) Jarrell married (Jan. 21, 1871) her first cousin,
Lorenzo Dow Thompson (b. March 1841), the son of Chapman and Alethia Mae
(Jarrell) Thompson. Albert and Alethia
were children of Gibson and Sarah (Petry) Jarrell. I believe Aunt Moll’s name is Mary Pauline
Jarrell and was also known as “Polina, Perlina, Pliney and Polinda”. In her day most everyone had nicknames
because the range of names used were few.
Nicknames made it easier to distinguish one from another. The common nickname for Mary was Molly. Shorting Molly to Moll distinguishes the many
Marys “Molly – Mollie” to Moll (Jarrell) Thompson. “Aunt” and “Uncle” were names given with
great respect, to most of the older people in the community by everyone. Known 9 of 11 children of Lorenzo and Aunt
Viola b. 18 Sept.
1873 married 1892 _________ Toney
Charles H. b. 6 Feb. 1878 married Dora Susan Jarrell
Hilda V. b. July 1880 married Mary _________
William b. 5 Jan. 1882
Ira b. June
Atta M. b. May 1889
Shady b. 3 Aug. 1890 married Samuel M. Foster
Van B. b. March 1893 married Enola ________
Edna B. b. July 1897 married Peg Foster
*(5) BOOGER BRANCH. Booger Branch is a small hollow across the creek in front of the
Pattie C. Stockdale
School on Clear
Fork. There is a cemetery here where
many of the original local pioneers are buried.
*(6) MORMONS. The
Mormons entered the areas of Marsh Fork and Clear Fork searching for converts
before and during the Presbyterian Missionary effort. The Mormons were strict and less tolerant of
people’s bad behavior than the Presbyterians.
Young men serving out their Church’s one-year field requirement
conducted the Mormon missionary effort.
There appears that at no time the Mormons were planning to build
churches in the area. Even so, the
Presbyterian Ministers and Missionaries taught the fear of God into the people
to get converts. Then as now, most
Christians claim the Mormons are not Christians. How Christians can justify this claim, I do
not know. There are very few Mormons and
Presbyterians in the area now with the Baptists appearing to be the dominant
religion. Perhaps it’s because the
Mormons and Presbyterians require organization and missionaries’ onsite while
the Baptists are independent, and require no central organization. The Baptist Churches in this area are
independent, and preachers require no religious education and are often
referred to as “jack-leg preachers”.
Many of the Mormon converts moved to Utah.
This fact became clear to me while doing genealogy research in the Marsh
Fork-Clear Fork area over the years.
During the Civil War the southern
churches of the Presbyterian Church USA broke away from the mother church and
formed the Southern Presbyterian Church US.
It was the northern branch (Union branch) that sponsored the effort in
the Marsh Fork and Clear Fork areas. It
wasn’t until the 1960s or ‘70s [I believe] that the two churches reunited
somewhat. Most of the people in the area
were northern sympathizers, but there was some bushwhacking between the Union and Confederacy factions.
Remains of Jarrolds Valley
*(7) PRESBYTERIAN PREACHER. This preacher is Dr. Christopher Humble serving from Charleston, WV. He was the first Presbyterian Minister to
enter the Coal River areas of Clear Fork, Marsh Fork
and Whitesville and began the Presbyterian’s effort to win converts in about
1892. Dr. Humble later moved his wife
and son, Robert, to the Charleston area from Chicago, IL. Dr. Calvin Ely later joined Dr. Humble and
they built the little Jarrolds Valley Presbyterian Church in 1904 on land
donated by Joseph A. Barrett, local merchant.
This Church was located across Big Coal River from Whitesville at the mouth of
Clear Fork and Tom’s Branch, and was torn down in the 1950s. The cemetery associated with the Church is
still there. At the mouth of Clear Fork
(Jarrolds Valley), the Presbyterians built a manse
in 1904 to house the missionaries who came to serve the area over the following
years. The first missionaries to live in
the manse were Miss. Emma Agnes Jackson and Miss. Minnie B. Newcomb.
Whitesville was named after Benjamin W. White, Owner/Operator of a
coalmine there and laid out into lots in 1912 and incorporated in 1935. I have also read where Andrew Blackburn
Ballard coined the name “Whitesville” after his mother-in-law, the widow of
Clement Ballard White; Mrs. Amanda Melissa (Bragg) White, who lived nearby at
the mouth of Seng Creek.
MOUNTAIN. Kayford Mountain
is the mountain between Clear Fork and Cabin Creek. A road that is still in use crosses this
mountain from the towns of Colcord on Clear Fork to Kayford on Cabin Creek.
*(9) JULIE JARRELL. Julia Ann (Abbott) Jarrell (b.1825 Pipestem) was the
daughter of Wilson Smith and Mary (Keatley) Abbott. Wilson Abbotts moved from Pipestem, WV
to live at the mouth of Dry Creek in 1838.
laid clam to the whole of Dry Creek in 1838 and later became Deputy Sheriff and
therefore, tax collector. Julia Ann
married #1 (Sept. 8, 1847) Adam Toney, the son of Poindexter and Jane Toney,
and after they divorced, married #2 (Nov. 12, 1856) Lemuel Calfee Jarrell, Jr.
(June 1826 Marfork on Little Marsh Fork-Colcord). Lemuel, Jr. was the son of Lemuel “Sam”, Sr.
and Elizabeth (Farley) Jarrell, who moved to Little Marsh Fork about 1823. Lemuel, Jr.’s first wife, Julia F. Windsor
(d. June 9, 1855), was the daughter of Charles and Elizabeth (Childress)
Windsor. Julia Ann and Adam Toney had
one child, Harriett Ann (1848-1883), who married (Feb. 15, 1858) Callous
Jackson Jarrell, Lemuel, Jr.’s cousin.
Callous lost a leg on Sept. 14, 1864 near Richmond, Va.
during the Civil War fighting for the Confederate cause. Callous (23 July 1842 Monroe, Co.–20 April
1922 Dry Creek) was in Co. A, 30N, Va. Sharpshooters
CSA. Callous traded his land on Sycamore
Hollow, which was given to him by his father Gibson Jarrell, with his cousin
Lemuel, Jr., for a large track of land on the south side of Marsh Fork Creek (Coal River)
between Dry Creek and Rock Creek. A
section of this farm is still called “Jarrell’s Bottom” and Callous is buried
there. Callous married #2 (4 Jan. 1886)
Mary Martha Clementine Massey, the daughter of William and Mary Ann (Combs)
Massey. Lemuel, Jr. enlisted on Oct. 10,
1861 into the 8th Va. Infantry that later became the Union Army’s 7th
W.Va. Cavalry, Co. H. Discharged Jan.
23, 1865, he was described as 6’-2” tall, fair complexion, hazel eyes, with
dark hair. Julia Ann and Lemuel, Jr.
lived at the upper end of Dorothy on Clear Fork. Lemuel, Jr. and Julia F. Windsor’s known
Joseph S. married Mary ________
Nancy Ann married Burwell Pettry
Elizabeth F. married #1 Anthony Lawson Stover
Benjamin Franklin married Alice
Julia Ann Abbott and Lemuel, Jr.’s
known children are:
John Lewis married #1 Elizabeth Catherine Thompson
Mary Wilson married Robert M. Hunter
William W. b. 20 July 1859
James married Martha E. Jarrell
Charles Lemuel 11 January 1866-24 July 1866
Virginia married Samuel Echols
James Covington married Chole Zella Kuhn
*(10) SYCAMORE. Sycamore is also the name of an area at
the mouth of Sycamore Hollow. Sycamore
Hollow is a right hand fork of Clear Fork at Colcord. To travel to Dry Creek, Rock Creek, Horse
Creek and Little Marsh Fork areas from Clear Fork, you would travel up Sycamore
Hollow and cross the mountain to these areas.
Gibson (~1773-1862) and his #2 wife, Sarah (Petry) (~1780-1861) Jarrell,
was one of the first families to live on Clear Fork at the mouth of Sycamore
Hollow near Colcord. The Jarrell
families settled here in ~1823 and at one time laid claim to most of Clear Fork
below Sycamore, hence the name of Jarrolds
Valley. [I have reason to believe that Gibson
Jarrell’s first name is not Martin and he may not have had a first name at
all. Second names were not common until
after ~1812 in the southern backwoods. The
label “Jr.” did not necessarily mean that he shared the same full name as his
father. Jr. was also used to separate
someone else in the area with the same name but of a different family.]
*(11) MISS SPENCER. Miss.
Martha Priscilla Spencer (Dec. 7, 1850 Half-Moon Valley, PA–Feb. 27, 1929
Presbyterian Home, Washington, DC) came to Colcord, WV
in October 1895, and was the first woman missionary in the Clear Fork-Marsh
Fork area. Miss. Spencer was a Kansas schoolteacher,
and her niece Miss. Adams, joined her later as a missionary. Miss. Spencer worked the area from Colcord on
Clear Fork and later at Acme on Cabin Creek.
Miss. Spencer founded the Pattie
School for Girls at
Colcord, (Lawson) WV
Half-sisters, Ardellia P. Petrey and Ella
*(12) ELLIE. Ellie,
Ellen or Ella Mae Pettry (27 April 1858 Crump’s Bottom, Mercer Co.–6 Nov. 1939 Dry Creek, WV) was the
daughter of Nancy Avner Pettry and Dr. Robert Greenleaf, MD of Summers and Mercer Counties. Ella came to Coal River
with her mother, Nancy, two sisters and two nephews. After a 5-day trek in a covered wagon from
Pipestem, they arrived at the mouth of Horse Creek on 30 April 1867 and
camped-out under a cliff. The next day
they arrived at their designation, her G-uncle Jacob and Celia (Gore) Petry’s
home at Edwight, WV.
Jacob and Celia (Gore) Petry “Berry”
and Nancy Avner (Pettry) Anderson
WV Dry Creek, WV
Her daughter Lula said her only name was Ella and she added “Mae” later
in life and she spelled her name as “Eler”.
The only time I saw where she had written her name was “Ella” and this
spelling appears on her gravestone. Crump’s
Bottom is now under the waters of Lake Bluestone Dam on New River, near Hinton, WV. I remember Great-Grandma Ella and also her
funeral at the Union (Marsh Fork) Presbyterian
Church at the mouth of Dry Creek and they sang “Little Brown Church in the Dale”. The Presbyterian Church at Dry Creek was
first built in ~1915. Ella never married
but had eight children, 7 girls and 1 boy, her first child Ceba (1875-1947) was
born when she was 17 years old. Ella’s
favorite pastime was fishing. Perhaps
this sport was developed while young on New River
before coming to the Marsh Fork area.
Most likely she learned to enjoy the sport that also provided her with
fish for the family to eat. According to
my father, who enjoyed and learned to fish from Ella, she would not fish on
Ella wrote on the back of this picture:
Me and Artie, Bob and Dora, Clauda, Ned, Jean
and Keith and Seba’s to children.
Six of Ella’s eight children’s father was Charles Alexander
Burnside. Her daughter Dora’s father was
Rev. Winters, a missionary-minister, and Parthina’s father was William Miles
Watrous, who worked in the Dry Creek’s timber mill. Here are the children of Ella Pettry.
Ceba Margaret married Henry Lewis Burnside
father Charles A. Burnside
Electra Paris married Alfred Louden Bradley
father Charles A. Burnside
Lillian Mae Belle married Rev. Charles Wesley Perry
father Charles A. Burnside
Parthina Avner married Robert
father William Miles Watrous
Dora Ruth married Harry Todd Morrison
father Rev. ________ Winters
Claudia Marie married Charles Anderson Jarrell
father Charles A. Burnside
Lula Faye married #1 James Earl Marks (Miricks)
James Garland “Garlie” Pettry
Gilbert Bee Acord
father Charles A. Burnside
Charles Franklin married #1 Beatrice “Bee” Williams
Ruby Christine (Hubbard) Phipps
& #4 Mrs. Pearl B. Kokesh
Thelma G. Theiss
father Charles A. Burnside
Ella Pettry’s children,
Lula, Claudia, Charlie “Pap” and Parthina.
Charles Alexander “Bud” Burnside (6
May 1856 Mercer Co.-4 Nov. 1904 of TB, Dry
Creek), the son of Andrew Smith and Dorcas Wilson (Abbott) Burnside, was
married (15 Dec. 1881) to Susan Elmyra (Petry-Arnold) Harper (b. Sept. 15, 1863
Dry Creek). Susan was the daughter of
John S. and Elizabeth Electra (Williams) Petry.
John S. Petry was the son of Martin and Sarah (Davis)
Petry and Elizabeth
was the daughter of Jeremiah and Susannah (White) Williams. John was in the 7th W.Va. Cal. and
the Confederates captured him shortly after the Salem Raid. Elizabeth Electra married #2 (July 23, 1869)
Thomas Arnold after John died (June 29, 1863-Grave #2645) in Georgia’s
Andersonville Prison during the Civil War.
Thomas Arnold, the son of Jerry and Susan Arnold, adopted Susan and her
sister Rozilla, who married George Washington Jackson. Susan may have been married to a
Harper before marring Charles on 15 Dec. 1881, but I dough it. Charles “Bud” and Susan “Duck” had three
children, Dollie E., Dillie and Dale Smith Burnside, before they
separated. Susan later had another
child, John Oliver Burnside by William “Lawyer Bill” Alexander Massey, the
father of Mont Massey. John Oliver
Burnside (1 March 1906 Colcord, WV-5 Sept. 1978 TX) married Opal Oletta Wallace
and raised his family in Lufkin,
TX. I was told that Susan was later
institutionalized at Spence,
WV and may have died there. Charles would often leave Ella for years at a
time, which accounts for why she had two children with men other than
Charles. On his last returned, Charles
was very ill and Ella took care of him until he died a few months later on Nov.
4, 1904 at age 48 of TB. Charles, who
was worthless, except as a stud, is buried in the Pettry Cemetery.
Pettry and her children,
Charlie “Pap”, G-daughter Fannie Burnside,
Ella, G-son Dewey, Parthina,
Claudia, Ceba, Lula and Mae Belle.
Dry Creek, WV 25
CREEK MOUNTAIN. Horse Creek
Mountain is located
between Horse Creek and Dry Creek, the head of which having easy access to
Sycamore, Dry Creek, and Rock Creek Hollows.
Horse Creek is a short hollow on the north side of Marsh
between Sundial and Naoma, WV.
Muddy Lynn Schoolhouse
Intersection of Sturgeon Fork and Dry Creek
25 March 1905
*(14) MUDDY LINN SCHOOLHOUSE. Muddy
was located at the intersection of Dry Creek and Sturgeon Fork Hollows. Eugene and Norma Pettry’s home is now located
near the site of the old schoolhouse (2010).
In the above picture are the teacher, students and some parents standing
in front of the schoolhouse. Those in
the picture (l to r) with later married names of the girls are: (front first
row) Finley Pettry, Jack Burnside, Clarence Edgar Pettry, Cecil Bradford, Ada
(Bradford-Jarrell) Jarrell, Sheffie Pettry, Mary Malinda (Pettry) Holland,
Christopher “Chris” Pettry, Carrie Louise (Bradford) Allen, Icie (Bradford)
Bone, Dewey Pettry, Charlie Franklin “Pap” Pettry, Harrison Burnside, (second
row) Martha (Pettry) Jarrell, Ceba Margaret (Pettry) Burnside, Lula Faye
(Pettry-Marks-Pettry) Acord, Fannie L. (Burnside) Lyons (in arms), Ella Pettry,
Clauda Marie (Pettry) Jarrell, Harriett E. (Pettry) Jarrell, Maggie L. (Pettry)
Jarrell, (third row) Charles C. Pettry – teacher, Julia Ann (Miller) Pettry –
teacher’s first wife, (last row) Parthina Avner (Pettry) Jarrell, and Lillian
Mae Belle (Pettry) Perry. In this
picture, Belle is pregnant with daughter Artie Irene, who was born five weeks
later on April 14, 1905. At one time most everyone on Dry Creek was descended
or had blood connections to these folks.
Muddy Lynn School
building burned down some years later.
*(15) MISS. JACKSON. Miss. Emma Agnes Jackson (July 13,1871
Elizabeth, NJ – March 27, 1937 Jarrolds Valley, WV) came to this area with
Miss. Minnie B. Newcomb on December 31, 1896 from serving as missionaries in New York City. Miss. Jackson wrote the article “PIONEERING
ON HORSEBACK” in this report about 18 years (1914) after arriving in the
area. Miss. Jackson left the area and
became matron of the girl’s dormitory at Maryville
College, TN, founded
in 1819. She later was Director of The
Haines House, an orphanage in Haines,
Alaska. Haines is a small fishing community and fuel
depot on the west side of Lynn Canal, north of Juneau, Alaska. Both Maryville College, TN and The Haines
House are Presbyterian institutions.
Because of poor health, Miss. Jackson returned to the Jarrolds Valley
area and resumed her missionary work. At
her request, she was buried in the Jarrolds Valley Presbyterian Church
*(16) MISS. NEWCOMB. Miss. Minnie B. Newcomb
(May 1875 Hamilton, NJ ~ 1923 Hamilton, NJ) was a missionary in the city of New York where she met
and worked with Miss. Jackson. The two
of them came to WV together, living first in a very old log house provided by
Joel and Cora (Jarrell) Phipps at the present location of Whitesville. Later they moved into and were the first
missionaries to live in the manse at Jarrolds
Valley. Miss. Newcomb became engaged to Joseph Nelson
Williams (Aug. 11, 1875 Pettus–Aug. 17, 1900 Pettus of TB), the son of Floyd
Jackson and Pauline Ann (Jarrell) Williams.
Joseph died before any marriage and was the first person to be buried at
Packsville Cemetery. Years later Miss. Newcomb developed heart
problems and returned to her family’s home in Hamilton, NJ
where she died.
Lemuel Calfee “Sam” Jarrell, Sr. cabin near
Marfork overflowing well.
Roof and fence improvements were added ~
*(17) JARRELL’S VALLEY. Jarrell’s Valley (Jarrolds
Valley) is so named
because of the large number of Jarrell families originally living in this
area. The spelling “Jarrolds” is most
likely a local early corrupt spelling of the name “Jarrell”. Jarrell comes from shorting the family name
of Fitzgerald or Fitzjarrell. Jarrolds Valley
at one time referred mostly to the whole valley of Clear Fork
below the mouth of Sycamore Fork Hollow.
Now Jarrolds Valley refers to and is located at the mouth of Clear
Fork near Whitesville, WV.
Gibson Jarrell and Sarah Petry were married in Monroe Co., living there
and in Cumberland Gap, TN-KY area before moving to the mouth of
Sycamore Hollow on Clear Fork in ~1823.
Gibson was a large man and was a champion fist fighter in Monroe
Co. This area of Monroe Co. is now
Mercer Co. (originally Giles Co., Va.)
and they lived in the Athens-Pipestem area.
Most all of their children were born in Monroe
County and Cumberland
Gap. The move to settle at
Sycamore was prompted by the fact that his brother, Lemuel, Sr. and his Petry
in-laws, lived across the mountain on Little Marsh Fork. Lemuel Calfee Jarrell, Sr. (5 Feb. 1780-25
Aug. 1858) lived near the Marfork overflowing (artesian) well and Martin Petry
lived near the Packsville overflowing (artesian) well. According to Uncle George M. Jarrell, Martin
Petry scouted out Little Marsh for homesteading in the summer of 1801. Martin Petry (Jan. 19, 1757 Orange Co.
Va.~1836 Packsville, Va.) stayed, living “Daniel Boone style”, staking out a
site for home and farm. Within a year he
had built a cabin and maintained this cabin and his cabin in Monroe Co., moving
to Little Marsh Fork full time in early 1820s.
Lemuel, Sr. moved from Monroe Co. a few years later (~1823) with his
wife, Elizabeth Farley, staked out a site for home and farm. Lemuel Sr. and Gibson Jarrell (~1773 Culpeper
Co. Va.–Nov. 1, 1862 Colcord) were sons of Daniel and Mary (Davis) Jarrell. Sarah Margaret Petry (~1785 Rockingham Co.
Va.–Dec. 29, 1861 Colcord, Va./WV) was the daughter of Martin and Elizabeth Ann
“Betsy” (Raines) Petry. Known children
of Gibson and Sarah are:
Madison married #1 Susan Toney
John Gibson married Margaret
Anderson married #1 Elizabeth Lafferty
Harrison married #1 Flora Pettry
#2 Mrs. Nancy (Pettry) Davis
Amanda married #1 Jessie Toney
Frances Peachy never married, but had 4
Emily married Meredith Wills
Alethia Mae b. 1820 married 4 July 1837 Chapman Thompson b.~1811
Albert married Julia Ann Rutherford
Uncle George McClellan and Aunt Mary Jane
“Mollie” (Farley) Jarrell.
Martin Petry’s Log Cabin, Packsville, WV.
Pete, Aunt Molly, Uncle George and Essay Opal
and their home at Packsville, WV.
Uncle George McClellan Jarrell told Dewey Bone, Sr., Principal of
Pettus Elementary School, who was doing genealogy research for a Master’s
Degree, that Chapman Thompson (~1811-1888 Colcord) came to the Clear Fork area
with the Gibson Jarrell party when a very young man about 13 years old, from
the Athens-Pipestem area of Monroe Co. in ~1825. Four local Confederate Home Guardsmen hung a
Union Sympathizer at Packsville on the night that Uncle George M. Jarrell was born
(26 April 1865 or 7 April 1865), setting and drinking around a fire all night
while their victim hung in a tree nearby.
I was told the man was Joseph Harper.
He lived near the Clear Fork Post office. The Confederate Home Guardsmen took him at
night from his home and brought him to Packsville and hung him. I have seen other records that state they
hung Joseph Harper near Eccles on 4 April 1864 and other dates in 1863
&1865. If he was hung near Eccles,
then a good reason for the naming of “Harper Hill”. Which tale is true, I do not know. Uncle George, a descendent of Martin Petry,
was born in Martin’s old log home and inherited Martin’s land from his mother
side of the family. Chapman Thompson was
one of the few Confederate sympathizers on Clear Fork. I believe Chapman is the brother or
half-brother of Captain James Thompson, CSA, and the son of James O.
Thompson. Captain James Thompson (b.
1810), of the Monroe Co.’s CSA Home Guard and an ardent Confederate, was
bushwhacked and killed on May 23, 1865 for hanging Parkinson F. Pennington (1828-29
Aug. 1861), a Union advocate, from a dogwood tree with a hickory bark rope near
Concord Church (Athens, WV) without due process of law. Union bushwhackers [Captain Benjamin Franklin
Ballard’s Company, W.Va. State Troops USA, Pennington’s father, and friends]
surrounded his farm and shot at him as he was running from his barn to the
woods with his daughter, Mary Jane, in an attempted to escape. Ballard Preston Petrey, then 20 years old,
was credited with firing the fatal shot.
Ballard Petrey and Pennington’s brother are also credited with killing
Andrew Jackson Gunnoe of Wyoming Co.’s CSA Home Guard on 14 Aug. 1864 in much
the some way for the same reasons.
Thompson’s wife, Luce Ann (Allen) and daughter, Mary Jane had gone to
the barn to warn him of the Union bushwhackers’ presents. Although he was expecting retaliations for
his actions against Parkinson Pennington and Union
solders and their families during the Civil War, he had monetary dropped his
defenses. Charles C. Clark (20 May
1824-1917) developer the Salt works on Lick Creek, married James Thompson’s
daughters #1 Arthelia (10 May 1836-10 May 1876) and on 13 April 1884, #2 Mrs.
Mary Jane (Thompson) McCorkle (1839-1906).
All are buried on the ol‘James Thompson farm on Lick Creek in Mercer Co.
WV. Ballard Preston Petrey is buried in
the Pettry Cemetery at Dry Creek and his Union
headstone reads: B.P. PETTRY--BALLARD’S CO. W.VA. State Troops.
Ballard Preston Petrey’s Headstone
Dry Creek, WV
The Home Guards were groups of opportunists who formed together under
the Union or Confederate banner and roamed the
area plundering indiscriminately farms for their personal gain, while the men
were away in the army with only women at home.
On occasions they would capture solders of the other side of their
alliances when they were home on military leave, turning them over as prisoners
of war or simple kill them. No Home
Guards in W.Va. were sanction by the Union or Confederate governments. The W.Va. State Troops were formed by the new
W.Va. State Government (June 20, 1863) to curb the outlaw activities of the
Home Guards and individuals taking advantage of the turmoil caused by the Civil
*(18) DRY CREEK. Dry Creek is a short Hollow between Horse
Creek and Rock Creek. It is so named
because the small creek often dries up during the summer. The first settler on Dry Creek was Wilson
Smith Abbott who laid claim to the whole hollow in 1838. His cabin was located at the mouth of the
hollow behind the present Presbyterian Church.
He was the Deputy Sheriff and tax collector of the area when it was Fayette County before and during the first part
of the Civil War. Wilson and Mary
(Keatley) Abbott are buried in the Cooper-Bone
Cemetery on Dry Creek.
*(19) MISS. BUNDAY. Misses.
Dora and Carry Louise Bunday were sister missionaries. I believe that Miss. Carry Louise Bunday was
the guiding missionary that arranged for Ella’s daughter, Dora, to get a good
education. Dora’s full name is Dora Ruth
*(20) MISS. McEWEN. Miss.
Laura McEwen taught at “The Home School” between 1925 and 1926.
Originally 2nd Marsh Fork Union
Presbyterian Church Manse.
Mouth of Dry Creek, WV
Marsh Fork Union Presbyterian Church
Originally built ~1915, as appears today.
Dry Creek, WV
*(21) MISS. HARRIS. Miss. Fannie Elizabeth Harris came to the
area in ~1902 and was one of the first missionaries serving the Dry Creek
area. Miss. Harris was from Philadelphia, PA
and spent many years in the Dry Creek area, first boarding with Robert Lee
“Bob” and Parthina (Pettry) Jarrell and later in the manse. Robert Lee “Bob” Jarrell was the son of
Callous and Harriett Ann (Toney) Jarrell and Parthina Pettry was the daughter
of Ella Pettry and William Miles Watrous.
The manse was built in 1914, across the creek from the Dry Creek
Presbyterian Church (Union Marsh Fork Presbyterian Church U.S.A.), which
was built in 1915. The manse burned down
and another was built about 1936. Miss.
Harris rode a horse named “Billy King” that she bought from Bob Jarrell. Sometime after Dr. Mills died, the
Presbyterian Church Missions relieved her of her duties to retirement because
of age. She remained in the area serving
and living with Lula Faye (Pettry) Marks, the daughter of Ella Pettry, at
Stickney, and still later at Packsville with Miss. Fannie “Min” L. Reed before
leaving the area after 1926.
Robert Lee “Bob” and Parthina Avner (Pettry)
and daughter Dora Violet ~1912.
*(22) DR. MILLS. Dr.
Alice F. Mills was a MD-missionary and came to the area of Dry Creek joining
Miss. Elizabeth Harris and others living in the manse. Dr. Mills provided a much-needed service to
the area’s women for they needed a medical doctor. Being a woman MD was by far a greater service
to the women at that time and place than being taught the teachings of
Christianity. Dr. Mills was the daughter
of James E. Mills and she brought a Bible belonging to her father with her to
WV. This Bible had been a gift to her
father from his brother Henry on Jan. 1, 1862.
I have possession of the Bible now.
Dr. Mills died while serving in the area.
*(23) MR. AND MRS. REAUGH. Rev. George A. and
Rachel Reaugh ministered at Dry Creek, Edwight, Montcoal and Stickney. They were from Illinois and had a daughter named
Irene. Rev. Reaugh, Presbyterian
Minister, died at age 66 in an auto accident on Sept. 21, 1928.
Lillian Mae Belle (Pettry) and Rev. Charles
Lillian Mae Belle (Pettry) Perry (29 May 1881 Dry Creek–30 June 1919 of
TB, Dry Creek) was the daughter of Ella Pettry and Charles Alexander
Burnside. Belle had two children before
marrying (Jan. 3, 1910) Rev. Charles W. Perry of Dempsey/Page, near Fayetteville, WV. Charles Wesley Perry (Oct. 10,1856 Pulaski
Co. Va.-Oct. 2, 1946 Beckley, W.Va.) the son of Oliver H. and Sarah Ann (Butts)
Perry married #1 (Feb. 10, 1876) Mary Elizabeth Beckenheimer (1853-bef. 1897
Page, WV), she was the daughter of William Isaac and Sarah Beckenheimer. I was told Elizabeth was found dead in the doorway of a
coalhouse in the backyard. Charles and
Elizabeth are buried at Page, WV.
Charles and Belle first lived at Dempsey, but left the area hoping to
fine a cure/relief for her TB. They
lived a short time at Gallipolis, Cincinnati, and
he working for the Presbyterian Church.
Charles Perry married #3 (Aug. 5, 1922) Emma J. Lucas, the widow of J.C.
Lucas. Charles Perry was a
and his known 11 children are:
Cyrus Edward married Lottie Meadows
Sarah Jane married T.N. Darlington
Clyde Bruce married Margarite Shupe
Clara married Booker Houchins
Mary Prudence married Thomas Spradin
Gaden Edward unsure
about this named. ?
Belle and Charles Perry had no children, but Belle’s two children,
Dewey and Artie, were reared by her mother Ella, and they are: Dewey Pettry (15
Jan. 1899 Dry Creek–14 July 1979 Beckley, WV
Veterans Hospital) and Artie Irene (Pettry) Bradford (14 April 1905 Dry
Creek–20 April 1983 Charleston,
Dewey (nmn) Pettry often used ‘George’ as a first name. Dewey’s father was
Price, the son of David and Martha Bennett (Dunn) Price. Sheridan Price’s (19 Feb. 1870 Ashe Co.,
NC-Sept. 1947 Terry, WV) grandfather, Jesse W. Price (55 years old), Jesse’s
sons, Hiram (32) and Moses (20) and Jesse’s nephew, Solomon Price (20s), were
hanged at Jefferson, North Carolina by eight or nine intoxicated men of the
local Ashe Co., CSA Home Guard because they were sympathizers of the Union
cause. The Home Guard, led by Major
George Washington “Wash”
Long (20 Sept. 1809-22 April 1907), used hemp ropes to do the deed on 23 March
1863 on Ashe Co. Courthouse’s front lawn.
Moses Price (26 July 1843 Ashe Co. NC-8 July 1913 Abingdon, VA)
was found alive when cut down. Dr. &
Rev. James Wagg, a physician and Methodist preacher, resuscitated Moses by
rubbing snow on his face. Thomas Price,
an uncle, revenged killed five of the Home Guardsmen after the Civil War. Some of the Home Guardsmen died in the Civil
War, but three of the men were killed locally in NC, the forth man had become a
preacher at Madison, WV, and the fifth man he found in Louisiana. Washington Long lived to be 92 years old.
Thomas kept the Price’s motto, “Get mad and get even”. This is the main reason that this Price
family left Ashe Co., NC in three cover wagons and came to Logan in Boone Co.
in 1863 and then to Horse Creek and Rock Creek in Raleigh Co., WV. I believe Moses’ full name is Benjamin Moses
Price and after the hangings his nicknamed became “Scape Gallows Price”. He was blind in one eye and had a minie ball
in his shoulder resulting from a small battle at Buchanan, VA, serving in the
Union Army’s 7th W.Va. Cal. Vol. Co.’s I & B 2nd Reg.
and Dewey Pettry. ~1940, Terry, WV
~1899 Spanish-American War Uniform
Dewey joined the Army in 1915 when
16 years old for 4 years. He spent the
first part of his enlistment in Texas and Mexico. After WWI started he was sent to Newport News, Va. and was
severally food poisoned at Newport News while
waiting to be shipped to France. He spent the rest of his enlistment in
various Army hospitals before being discharged, and often had to receive
treatment at Veteran’s Hospitals for the next 25 years. Dewey worked in the coalmines for ~30
years. He turned his hobby of bee
keeping into a business and became the largest honey producer in WV and perhaps
one of the largest single honey producer on the East Coast, north of Georgia. In ~1945 he bought the Packsville General
Store, first renting it to Millard E. Pauley for a couple of years then
operating it himself until he retired in 1965.
Dewey married (25 Dec. 1924) Icie Marie Williams (21 Feb. 1906 Bald
Knob, WV-11 Feb. 2000 Germantown, OH), the daughter of Charles Logan and Sarah Louise
(Webb) Williams and reared his family of 4 girls and 4 boys at Packsville, WV. After retiring they moved to Meadow Creek in
Summers Co., WV on New River where they
persuaded their hobbies of fishing and gardening. Dewey and Icie’s children are:
Verna Mae married John Ray Sparks
Imogene Merle married Eddie
George Dewey, Jr. married Virginia Beatrice (Keenan) Kirby
Mary Irene 27 Dec. 1931-16 June 1932
James Roland married Nancy
Nancy Lee married Alvin Jones Arnett
Charles Stanley married Edith Ann Pittsonburger
Edgar Allen married Thelma
Artie Irene Pettry’s father was James Allen Petrey, the son of Mary
Emoline Williams and Henry Higginbotham.
Sylvester Plunkett Petrey adopted James Allen (6 Dec. 1869 Indian Ridge,
WV-29 May 1918 Hinton, WV)
when he married Emoline and they lived on Indian Ridge, near Pipestem in Summers County in a two story log house. This house was still standing in 1985 and
this family still has a Petrey reunion at Pipestem on the second Sunday of July
each year. Artie married (June 26, 1922)
William McKinley Bradford (31 Dec.1898 Rock Creek-1 Nov. 1956), the son of
George Washington and Dicey Jane Virginia (Massey) Bradford. Artie raised her family of 4 boys and 2 girls
at Eunice, Rock Creek, and Cabin Creek,
WV. Artie and McKinley’s children are:
Charles Dewey married Rita Marie “June” Cantley
George Leo married Betty Lou Lynch
Ella Doris married Joseph Mazwell Comuzie
Joseph Hamilton married Janet Elaine Thomas
William John “Bill John” married #1
Margaret Joan (Igo) Hodge
Kathleen Doris (Werner) Metzger
Carol JoAnn married Stanton
Belle, Lula, Parthina, Ceba, Electra, Ella, Charles Alexander, Dewey,
Icie, Mary Irene, Nancy Lee, John, Verna Mae, Ardellia, Ballard, Artie, Charles
Dewey and Margaret Joan are buried in the Pettry Cemetery
on Dry Creek. The following is Belle’s
obituary appearing in a Beckley
Dies of Tuberculosis
Mrs. Belle Perry, wife of C.W. Perry
died at home at Dry Creek on June 30, 1919, of tuberculosis from the ravages of
which she had been a sufferer for some time.
Mrs. Perry was 39 years of age and the mother of two children. Her husband is a Fayette County
man. They had been living in the west
for some years, but came east to Akron,
Ohio and then to Dry Creek only a
few weeks before Mrs. Perry’s death.
Artie Irene (Pettry) Bradford & Dewey
(25) MY GRANDSON. Ella’s
grandson was Dewey Pettry, the son of her daughter, Lillian Mae Belle Pettry
and Phillip Sheridan Price. Ella reared
Dewey and his half sister, Artie. Dewey
was my father. See superscript (24)
BELLE) for more information on Dewey and Artie.
SCHOOL. This refers to the Pattie C. Stockdale Memorial
School at Colcord, on
Clear Fork. Miss. Martha Priscilla
Spencer is credited as the founder of “The Home School”. The Chapel was originally financed by
Elizabeth Stockdale and named after her mother, Pattie C. Stockdale. Because most of the students lived on campus
in dormitories, it was referred to as “The Home School”. Students paid little or no tuition, room or
board. Students worked maintaining the
school and its small farm. Although the Pattie C.
is no more, I understand they still have “Home Coming Reunions”. I found while researching in some
publications at the Union Theological Seminary & Presbyterian School of
Christian Education’s Library in Richmond, VA, Pattie C. Stockdale
School was often written in error as: Pattie C.
Dora Ruth Pettry 19th Birthday
June 18, 1908 Ironton, OH
*(27) ONE. One [of my girls] was given a grand
education. This was Ella’s daughter,
Dora Ruth (18 June 1889 Dry Creek, WV-22 Feb. 1911 of Typhoid pneumonia, at Charles Gray
Hospital, Ironton, OH). Dora was Ella’s daughter by Rev. Winters, a
Presbyterian Minister in the area of Dry Creek.
Rev. Winters later transferred to Charleston,
WV. It appears the Presbyterian missionaries,
especially Miss. Carry Louise Bunday, took special interest and care of
Dora. Perhaps it was a feeling of guilt
that a fellow missionary had fathered Dora out of wedlock, to see that Dora was
well taken care of. The missionaries
convinced Ella to let them educate Dora and sent her to the ‘Pattie C. Stockdale School’
and on to higher education in the Presbyterian establishment. The Presbyterians sent Dora to Ironton, OH
to attend higher education. After going
to school there for two years she married Harry Todd Morrison, a butcher shop
owner, in March 1910. Eleven months
later and pregnant, she died of typhoid pneumonia. Dora is buried in area 15 of Woodland Cemetery
in Ironton, OH.
The following article was written in the “Irontonian” newspaper of the
death of Dora and the attempt of her mother, Ella Pettry, in February 1911 to
travel to Ironton, OH to see her.
Walked Miles in Snow
To See Dying Daughter;
Was not Recognized
incident setting forth vividly, the wonderful mother love that is willing to
sacrifice self unreservedly, in order to go to her child when needed, was
brought to light Thursday. Mrs. Ella
Pettry, mother of Mrs. Harry Morrison, an account of whose death was in
yesterday’s Irontonian, lives back in the mountains of West Virginia in a little hamlet called Dry
Creek. The mail isn’t delivered every
day, and the first letter written Mrs. Pettry telling her daughter’s illness,
was kept over and sent out with the second, which brought the sad information
that Dora could not last much longer.
There were no means of transportation, and the mountains were wrapped in
ice and snow, but the dauntless mother’s love, which has recognized no
obstacles since the beginning of time, was yearning for her child. At daybreak Monday, she started on her
arduous walk over the mountains accompanied by one of the neighbor boys. Part of the road was fairly passable, but at
times they were compelled to climb over piles of brush and cordwood, fully ten
feet high. In this manner the seven
miles from her home to Colcord,
W.Va., where they took a train,
was covered by evening. But in spite of
the magnificent effort put forth by the mother, who is fifty-seven years of
age, her beloved daughter was past recognizing her when she reached her, and
passed into the spirit world without a farewell word to the loved one.”
Todd Morrison (Feb. 9, 1885-Feb.20, 1930) had a successful meat-market business
and was the son of Mrs. Ida Belle Morrison (~1860-Oct. 30, 1934 of TB). Harry’s brother, Lorenzo Dow Morrison, was
killed at night during a street robbery on his way home from work on Aug. 31,
1924 at age 40. Harry married #2 Lenna Baldwin and they had no children. Harry cut his left hand on a sharp bone while
working in his butcher shop. The cut got
infected and he got blood poisoning, which took him a long time to recover from
it. Harry continued to have poor health
for sometime and had an exploratory medical operation on Feb. 19, 1930. He had developed the blood cancer, leukemia. When the doctors at Marting Hospital
operated they found an enlarged spleen, a sign of viral, parasitic or bacterial
infection or leukemia metastasizing, spreading throughout his blood
system. Harry died the next day at 10:00
am of surgical shock at age 45. He was
buried on a Sunday and Lenna shot herself the following Tuesday. The shot entered her chest, through her left
lung and exit her back. She did not die
from the gunshot but died seven years later on Sept. 9, 1937 at age 55. Harry is buried at Woodland Cemetery,
but not near where Dora or Lorenzo are buried.
is located at the SE end of South
9th Street in Ironton, OH.
Ironton was a progressive town
before and during the Civil War with the production of iron. With its access to railroad and river barge
traffic and local iron ore deposit, the town grew. After the Civil War the request for steel
caught Ironton’s iron ore deposit near exhausted and its old designed iron
furnaces incapably of producing steel.
*(28) HELP US LIVE. I
remember my father, Dewey Pettry, telling me that when he was a child of 8 or 9
years old, he began to realize that most people did not get their shoes and
clothes free from the Presbyterian barrels as he got his. His grandmother, Ella, a single mother,
reared 8 of her own children, and some of her grandchildren, plus Charles
Alexander Burnside, who was worthless, with no income or man willing to work
the 4.29 acres rocky hillside farm (see *(31) superscript). The Presbyterian Church gathered shoes and
clothing from their more affluent parishes and shipped them in wooden boxes and
barrels to this area of WV. A train
would bring the clothes originally to Acme on Cabin Creek, then later after
~1910 to Whitesville and Colcord. The
clothes would be transferred to horse drawn wagons and taken to Clear Fork and
Marsh Fork areas and parceled out free to the neediest families and sold for a
small price to others. This was a proven
practice of most Churches in support of missionary fieldwork in the US, around the
world, and is practice still. Most
people in these areas were more than dirt-poor.
About ~1900 a sad lesson was learned when it was discovered that
shipping unsanitary clothing introduced smallpox and pestilence into an
area. After ~1900, the crates and
barrels used to ship clothes were tagged with a sign; “SAFE – Sanitary Clothing
Inside”. My father had one of these
barrels and used it to sit us children upon to cut our hair. He cut my hair in such a fashion that a lock
of hair fell over my forehead and one eye.
Because of this, other kids in the neighborhood called me ‘Hitler’ for a
time. This nickname experience proved
valuable to me, for like the song sung by Johnny Cash, “My name is Sue”, and it
taught me the value of first strike to overcome my tormentors at Warren Wilson
College and in the
Dewey Pettry and son, Allen
*(29) MY SIX GIRLS. Ella was referring to her 6 living girls at home, because
by this time her daughter Dora had died in 1911 (see *(27) superscript). It may have been stretching the truth a bit
by claiming all her daughters had a Christian home, but I can’t be the judge of
that. Ella’s daughters Ceba Burnside,
Parthina Jarrell and Lula Marks worked as cooks at “The Home School” at
Ella Pettry and Jr. Pettry
This picture appeared in the Missionaries’
article about Ella.
*(30) “THROW OUT” CHILD. This statement also refers to the picture on page 289
showing Ella Pettry and Jr. feeding chickens in front of her home at Dry
Creek. I have not been able to identify
just who “Jr.” was to my satisfaction.
This article states that Jr. was a “throw out child from a Charleston
orphanage”. This doesn’t ring true to me
for I have been told that Jr. was one of two brothers adopted by Ella’s son
Charlie-“Pap” and given (dumped) to Ella to take care of after his first
marriage ended. Jr. was named after
Charlie-“Pap” when he adopted him and his brother Sam, although I am not
sure. Jr. always referred to himself as
“Charles or C.F.”. Jr. and Sam may not
have been brother before the adoption. Jr.
married Beulah Mae Smith and they had a daughter, Carol Sue (b. Feb. 8, 1942). Jr. disappeared around 1944, leaving his wife
and daughter and has not been seen or heard from since. Lula told everyone that Jr. went “out West” or
and got into serious trouble with the law.
My research suggests that he ran away to Florida with a woman. After spending a short time there working on
a farm planting potatoes; by train they went to Richmond, Va.
and for a while living the good life at the Regent Hotel. In a letter to Lula from the Regent Hotel, he
describes the hotel’s restaurant as great and that he had a “Leg of Lamb” that
evening. They left Richmond
on the train, traveling thru Washington, D.C. and Baltimore to New York City. A short time later they went to Pennsylvania; both got
good jobs and stayed with Jr. living under the name of C.F. Burnside. In a letter, he asked Lula not to disclose his
address or aka name to anyone. Their
good jobs were War Defense production related.
He may have truly gotten into trouble with the law in Florida.
Jr. had spent some time in a C.C.C.
Camp in Company 2547 at Elbert,
Colorado in 1929. Lula knew all this but told me he had gone
“out West” and others “to Florida”
when he disappeared in 1944. Lula reared
Sam while she was married to Earl Marks (Miricks) living at Stickney and after
Earl’s death, at Hanley. Sam left the
area when young and returned to Dry Creek a few times to visit as a truck
driver for a circus. Charlie-“Pap”
worked on the C&O Railroad at Pratt and lived in Hansford and Hanley in
Kanawha Co. near Charleston,
WV. Charlie-“Pap” had no children of his own but
was married 5 times, marrying Mrs. Pearl B. Kokesh, twice. I remember Great-uncle Charlie- “Pap” over
the years always holding a young child, none of which was his own. Great-uncle Charles Franklin Petry was called
“Charlie-Pap” because he always said when young that he was Pap’s boy. Charles A. Burnside was his father and all
his children called him “Pap”.
Lula (Pettry) Marks and San
Carol Sue and Junior Pettry
Ardellia P. and Ballard Preston Petrey Ella Pettry & home
*(31) MOUNTAIN SIDE. This statement describes Ella Pettry’s 4.29 acres farm which
includes a .3 acre cemetery (Pettry
Cemetery), as a “mere
rock tip-tilted on a mountain side” where she snatched out a living. I cannot see how a person could ever snatch
or scratch out a living on this small farm.
Ella had no draft animals, but Andrew Smith Byrnside (Charles A. Burnside’s
father) plowed her meek farm each year for free and he also gave her a cow. No more than 1 ½ acres are farmable. This parcel of land is still intact and still
in the family. After Ella died her
property went to her daughter Lula, and then was sold to grandson Dewey Pettry,
who gave it to his grandson, Charles Stanley Pettry II, about 1969. The house that Ella reared her family in was
built in ~1904 and torn down in ~1985.
My brother Charles and his wife built a home on the property and lives
there now (2008).
This property was given to Ella by
her half-sister Ardellia and her husband Ballard Preston Petrey on 18 October
1913 for $1.00 and other considerations.
Originally part of Ardellia and Ballard’s farm, it is located on the
left side of the intersection of Sturgeon Fork and Dry Creek Hollow. I have a copy of the deed translation and
plot outlining this property. Ballard
and Ardellia signed the deed with their mark ( X ) because they could not read
or write. In the deed it is stated that
a cemetery plot was already there and was started by D.S. Byrnside [correction -
D.W. Byrnside]. The first
person to be buried in the Pettry
Cemetery was Dorcas
Wilson Byrnside’s infant daughter, Martha ~ 1870. Ballard’s farm was originally part of Andrew
Smith and Dorcas Wilson (Abbott) Byrnside’s 400-acre farm. The Byrnsides purchased the 400 acres in 1859
from Dorcas’ uncle, Wilson Smith Abbott, who laid claim to the whole of Dry
Creek in 1838. Ella signed a number of
wills later in life that described the property correctly as being 4.29 acres
and at other times as 1.29 acres.
Charles C. Pettry, a schoolteacher and Notary Public wrote the deed and
wills. Ella’s children taught her to
read [spell‘em-out] some Bible print and to read and write some cursive
This is work in progress.
I invite comments, additions, corrections and
variations to this bit of southern
West Virginia history.
You are welcome to copy the contents of this report
in part or whole.
The best New and Coal Rivers
has to offer.
James R. Pettry
P.O. Box 1067
King George, VA 22485
Some early Presbyterian Missionaries and
Clear Fork and Marsh Fork Districts of Raleigh County, WV.
should be remembered that these missionaries who served gave up family, comfort
and home, their life and in most cases, a family of their own, to serve in a
wilderness, backward area to bring a better way of life by education and
teaching Christianity to people who were mostly unappreciative.
Evangelist C.L. Hunbert
Baptism on Marsh Fork River at Pettus, mouth of Little Marsh
Miss. Anna Belle Stewart Director of Pattie C. Stockdale Memorial
Miss. Rose M. Stewart Taught at the “Home School”.
Miss. Eliza N. Robinson She was from New York State.
Miss. Elizabeth Harris Served at Dry Creek and later at
Miss. Flora Scuddy Served
at Dry Creek.
Dr. & Mrs. William T. Hood Served at Little Marsh Fork.
Dr. & Mrs. Henry H. Miller Served at Dry Creek.
Miss. Cora B. Faush
Rev. W.S. Patterson Served on Clear Fork.
Rev. R.H. Fulton
Miss. Ethel Lewis Served
at Packsville and Dry Creek.
Rev. Marvin R. Rankin Nearly blind.
Dr. Christopher Humble From Chicago about 1894, one son Robert.
Dr. Calvin Ely Drs. Ely and Humble secured
the money to build the chapel at Jarrolds
Valley, which was built
Dr. Alice F. Mills, MD Served at Dry Creek.
I have her Bible.
Miss. Dora Bunday Served
at Dry Creek, sister to Carry.
Miss. Carry Louise Bunday First missionary at Dry
Creek, sister to Dora.
Miss. Laura McEwen Dry
Creek and taught at “The Home School”.
Miss. Block Served
on Peach Tree Hollow.
Miss. Martha Priscilla Spencer Served at Colcord on Clear
Fork. The first missionary in the Coal River
area and established the Pattie
School for Girls at
Lawson (Colcord) on Clear Fork. Miss.
Spencer was a Kansas
schoolteacher, originally from PA.
Miss. Adams Worked
with Miss. Spencer and was her niece.
Minnie B. Newcomb From New Jersey, served in New York City
before coming to WV, serving and living at Jarrolds Valley
with Miss. Jackson.
Miss. Emma Agnes Jackson From New Jersey,
served in New York City before coming to WV, serving
and lived at Jarrolds
Valley with Miss.
Newcomb. Miss. Jackson (July 13, 1861 –
March 27, 1937) is buried at Jarrolds
Valley in the
Presbyterian Church Cemetery.
Miss. Katharine M. Doam From Michigan,
served at Clear Fork, Peach Tree, and Jarrolds Valley.
Rev. George A. & Rachel Reaugh From Illinois, served at Edwight,
Stickney, Montcoal and Dry Creek, had a daughter, Irene. He died at age 66 in
an auto accident on Sept. 21, 1928.
Miss. Amelia McNair Married Joe Bradford on Dry Creek.
Miss. Medison Woods Principle of “The Home School”, 30 years old, during
1910. She was from NY.
Rev. Winter Served
at Dry Creek then Charleston,
Rev. Albert L. Stewart Pastor at Dorothy and Dry Creek.
Rev. W.T. Wood Pastor at Montcoal.
Miss. Clara E. Heninger She was from Indiana.
Rev. C.H. Doolittle
Rev. I.J. Williams Died of TB at Presbyterian
Hospital in Albuquerque, NM
Rev. Lippards Lived
on Clear Fork at Lawson.
Rev. Metcalfs Lived
in the manse at ‘Pattie
School for Girls’ on
Rev. William John Price Replaced Rev. Metcalfs.
Rev. S.R. Sheriff Lived in the manse at Jarrolds Valley.
Miss. Edna Landfried Lived at Jarrolds Valley
Rev. Charles W. & Frances (Hall) Pinder Served at Dry Creek and Montcoal. Rev. Pender officiated at the funeral of my
sister, Mary Irene Pettry (June 16, 1932).
Miss. Helen F. Dishrow Served at Packsville, living with Miss.
Fanney L. Reed.
Miss. Julia Williams
Miss. Ella Carter Carson Taught at “The Home School”. Reassigned to Warren Wilson
College as a housemother
for the men’s Dormitory.
Miss. Fannie “Min” L. Reed Miss. Reed lived at Dry Creek and later moved to
Packsville. She inherited some money,
which she used to buy a house at Packsville. After Miss. Reed died, my father bought this
house that was known as “The Green House”. The money he paid for the house went
to help pay for rebuild the manse at Dry Creek, which had burned down. The rest
of Miss. Reed’s inheritance was spent helping those in need in the local
area. Miss. Reed (d.1936) was from Pennsylvania. Living with her at different times were Miss.
Williams, Miss. Elizabeth Harris, Miss. Ethel Lewis, Miss. Ella Carter Carson
and others. Both Miss. Reed and Miss.
Carson assisted Dr. Chambers at my birth on 27 March 1933. They were responsible for giving me my first
name, James. When I attended Warren Wilson
College at Swannanoa, NC
(1947-1951), Miss. Carson was the Men’s Dormitory Housemother, and always
reminded me when I got into trouble that; “James [the Disciples] would not have
done that”. James became a heavy name
for me to carry at Warren
with Miss. Carson watching over me like a hawk..
Miss. Shirley Jo Smith Miss. Smith was the missionary that
influenced most of the Warren Wilson College
students to attend from the Marsh Fork, Clear Fork and Boone County
areas of WV in the late 1940s and early 1950s.
Her brother, Walter S. Smith, attended WWC and graduated in 1948. Walter
escorted me to WWC in Aug. 1947, my first trip there. I was 14 years old at the time. I had the pleasure of meeting him again 60
years later at a WWC reunion in Oct. 2008. Miss. Smith was originally from the
Miss. Anna Diem Miss.
Anna Beatrice Elizabeth Diem (April 1, 1910 Johnstown, PA-Oct. 27, 2007) came
to Clear Fork in 1949 and devoted the rest of her life to missionary efforts
serving Clear Fork, Spruce Creek, Ameagle, Dorothy and various other places in Raleigh and Boone
Many children in the Clear Fork and Marsh
Fork Districts of Raleigh
were named after the Presbyterian
I invite comments, corrections, additions and
variations to this bit of
southern West Virginia history. You are welcome to copy this report in part
The best New and Coal Rivers
has to offer.
James R. Pettry