Working Copy with pictures:

May 6, 2013






                                                “PIONEERING ON HORSEBACK”

1895 -- 1928


by: Miss. Emma Agnes Jackson, Presbyterian Missionary


Note:                Miss. Jackson wrote this recollection that describes her first day, December 31, 1896, and the beginning of 18 years as a mission­ary in the Clear Fork, Marsh Fork and Whitesville areas of Raleigh and Boone Counties, WV.  She served in the area many more years after writing the article before transferring to Maryville College, TN as Dormitory Matron and then to Haines, Alaska as Director of The Haines House, an orphanage.  Because of ill health she was transferred back to the Jarrolds Valley area where she later died and is buried in the Presbyterian Cemetery there.  I inserted the numerical superscripts, which are described in detail at the end of her article to help the reader to understand the characters, places and events better.


            "Where do you live, Grandma?” was the question asked a dear old, bright eyed, woman as she climbed Clear Fork Mountain­(1).  The question was asked by a Sunday school Missionary who was studying the problem of how to help the women and children in the mount­ains who had very few contacts with the outside world and were shy with strangers.  "I live over yon mountain, Sir, in Clear Fork Valley."  "Do you have church and preaching and a Sunday School in your valley?"

            With a keen look in the dark eyes the answer came without hesitation, "Stranger, we ain't got nothing lasting over there, we are tired of having somebody bring us the Light and then go away and leave us in the dark just as we were before they came.  What we need is some one to bring us the Light and stay with us to keep it aburnin."

            "How would you like to have a woman come and live here, teach the children and have a Sunday School for everybody?" "I should like it powerful well, she could live with me and teach me a heap of things."

            Dr. Humble(2) crossed the mountain with Grandma(3) and soon won the confidence of these friendly people.  In a few months he fulfilled his promise and Miss Spencer(4), a Kansas school teacher, came to live with Grandma.  With her sympathetic under­standing heart, she soon won the confidence of both men and women.

            Then a call came from another valley; "We too need teach­ers."  My friend, Minnie Newcomb, and I decided to leave our beloved work in New York City Mission and seek a field where there were fewer people to do the work.  I visited the secretary of our church missionary society and told him what we wanted to do.

            "Your work is waiting for you."  Then he told us of the mountain valley where the school term lasted four months and the teachers were poorly prepared for their important work.  Regular church work, Sunday School and prayer meeting were unheard of.  "You can be ready the first of the year, you will find a welcome awaiting you."  After Christmas I said Good‑bye to family and friends who did not understand why we should leave a work where we were happy and successful, for untried friends and work, in the depth of winter.

            I joined my friend in her home in southern New Jersey.  While in her home we used every available argument to convince her father that the trip need not be injurious to a frail girl like Minnie.  My health was so robust that no sympathy was wasted on me.  "How will you travel in that country, with no good roads and no railroads?” Minnie's brothers wanted to know.  "We must ride horseback", was Minnie's reply.  "That will be all right for Minnie for she has lived in the country but how about you, who have never lived in the country and know nothing about horses?" "Well Sam, I never borrow trouble, so we shall meet the trouble when we have to and make the best of it."  "You had better take a lesson while you are here and see how it goes.  I will bring Billy around to the porch where you can mount easily." 

            When Billy ambled up to the porch and looked me over I do not think he approved of me.  The ladies in Minnie's family were slender and graceful, while I was rather short and decidedly stout.  Billy wore no saddle, just a sursingle.  I firmly grasped the porch pillar to steady myself, but my courage failed me.  As Billy made no effort to move and I did not suggest it, we parted company.  I slid off his back and he ambled away.  Of course, the family enjoyed the performance.  I was glad to put off the evil day.

            Our next discussion was concerning Minnie's health which was not robust.

            The sky was gray and there was every indication that a snowstorm was not far away.

            Mr. Newcomb was concerned lest we travel into a storm and contact colds.  "Minnie, you must promise me that you will not go into the mountains in a snowstorm.  If you meet a storm on the way stay in Charleston until it is over."

            We finally started, loaded with advice and good wishes.  The trip to Charleston was uneventful.  The minister met us at the train station and we accompanied him to the Manse where we spent the night.

            Nature was busy beautifying the world with a lovely white blanket.  We questioned our host about the new field and unknown new friends.

            Mr. Winters(5), the minister, was non‑committal.  I am sure he was kindly so, thinking experience was the best teacher.

            At first we thought of waiting until the storm was past but when we learned that arrangements had been made to transfer us from the railroad to our final destination which was a distance of eighteen miles.  We did not want to inconvenience the friends at the other end of the line.

            A short railroad trip on the main line brought us to the entrance of a narrow valley(6) walled in by high mountains.  The creek and railroad were contending for the right‑of‑way.  We climbed into the caboose attached to the end of a long coal train.  The windows were too high for practical use.  The seat had evidently been built for tall men.  The car swayed back and forth as we clung to the seat, holding to avoid collision with the red-hot stove which occupied the center of space.

            The dingy cabin homes, the high mountains and the falling snow were depressing.  Minnie was homesick but the spirit of adventure kept me from a similar attack so I tried to comfort her.

            After a fifteen mile ride we arrived at the Coal Town station which was the railroad terminal.  All the men in town, (Acme, West Virginia)(7) were at the company store, which was also post office and station.  They were interested in the two "strange women" who were to arrive on the train.  An elderly man stepped out of the crowd and asked, "Be you them Presbyterian women?"  We assured him we were the women he was looking for if he had come to take us across the mountain.  "I be," was the re­sponse.  "Is your conveyance large enough to carry our trunks?” was Minnie's question.  "Lor no, Honey, I haint got nothing but horses," he responded.

            My consternstion spoiled my appetite for dinner, which we ate in the town boarding house.  Miss. Alden(8), the school teacher was our hostess.  She accompanied us to the stable to help us out and start on our great adventure.  Our elderly escort told us, "Hain't going to let them fellows see you mount when you haint used to hit.  They might laugh at you."  He meant to be kind, but it would have been less a problem to mount from the store platform than it proved to be in the stable.

            There were two horses, the large one, Joe, the small one Ruth.  They were both spoiled and lazy.  Having spent all my life thus far in the city, my personal knowledge of horses was very limited and these harmless animals looked formidable enough to be race horses.  Minnie suggested that I select the horse I preferr­ed as either one would suit her.  I promptly selected poor little Ruth, saying, "Minnie, Joe is so tall I dread a fall from such a height."  I did not consider the size of the saddle which was far too small for me.

            Our kind escort had supplied several small boxes to assist me in mounting but they were very unsteady, finally I was seated in the saddle, but my courage was gone.  "I cannot start, I am scared stiff."  It flashed over me, if I do not ride I must take the train back home to street cars and defeat.  Dear Miss. Alden suggested we bow our heads and ask for courage.  Without a word spoken audibly the goodly number of eyes in doorways and windows and along the road watched the strangers and doubt­lessly wonder why the big woman was riding the little mare.

            And still it snowed.

            The mile up the creek was very rough and we were glad to reach the foot of the mountain and smooth road.  The old man trudged along on foot.  Every once in a while he had to take the snow out from under the horse’s hoofs and still it continued to snow.  I felt as though I was in the saddle to stay so had lost my fear.  After we crossed the ridge at the top and we began to descend I found another difficulty.  Ruth wanted to drop her head and I felt certain I would slide over it if she did.  The short winter day was rapidly becoming twilight and we were hoping we might reach a resting place before midnight.  At last we reached the foot of the mountain and a view of the Valley opened before us.  At this point our old friend, who had watched over us so carefully, told us to trust the horses to take us to our destina­tion, as he would go around the hill.

            We followed the friendly advice and soon found ourselves forging the river with water above the horse's knees.  This was a new surprise, but after several similar experiences we ceased to be surprised at anything that might happen.

            We were glad to see light that meant a home and knew it could be no other than Grandma's.  Miss. Spencer, the pioneer missionary, boarded with Grandma.  When she heard the clatter of the horse’s hoofs she came out to welcome her new untried fellow workers.  Ruth was led up to a large packing case, which had evidently been exposed to wind and weather for some time.  I felt, after the long ride as though Ruth and I were insepar­able.

            After a strenuous effort I slid gracefully out of the saddle onto ‑‑ did I say onto ‑‑ through the box to the evident relief of Ruth and the amusement of the friends who could not restrain their merriment.

            Thus ended the first horseback ride, accomplished without accident.

            We had a merry time at the supper table.  The old friend and fellow traveler over the mountain asked me to have "some of the beast, just fresh killed."  The beast did not appeal to me, but Grandma's delicious biscuit and fresh honey supplied all my need. The snow continued to fall.  This was New Year's Eve, the last day of 1896.  Miss Spencer told us of the meeting that was to be held in the school house across the river.  She hoped we would go as the people were looking forward to meeting us.

             How would we get there?  Ben(9), Grandma's son answered, "We cross on the little bridge, but you need not be afeared for I will carry the light and will lead you."  Of all things to try to cross the river on a snowy foot‑log after our strenuous day.  How I envied Minnie's early training in the country.  Then how could a "Soldier of the Cross" refuse to do the first hard thing that presented itself to be done?

            Ben took the lantern and helped me to climb up to the snowy log, my terror was unreasonable and very real.  When we reached the other side I crawled up the bank and soon reached the school house.  There were about sixteen people at the meeting.  To my shame I confess I never could recall anything that was said or done at that meeting.  My only thought was as to how I was to cross that footlog and climb down that bank again that night.  I never learned to cross a log bridge, although I lived in the Valley eighteen years.

            When we finally arrived at the place where there would not be another trip until the next day, we sat down before the beautiful open fire to plan for the next ride.

            Ben was a most interesting talker and very willing to carry out our wishes as far as possible.  "I reckon you women are tired but we must find out how you want to go down the Valley.  Do you want the horses or shall I take the wagon?"  Minnie looked at me and I think my face was expressive, for she instantly left the decision with me.  "If it does not make any difference with you I prefer the wagon."  The next morning was bright and clear.  We bade our new friends, Grandma and Miss Spencer, good‑bye and expressed our appreciation of the lovely hospitality we had received.  We saw Ben coming with a team of mules and the wagon to "Haul you women down the river."  We started off for the eight mile ride down Coal River(10) sitting on chairs back of the wagon seat to which we clung when the sudden lurches, as we drove over bumps, threatened to throw us out.

            However, the good night's rest, the beautiful blue sky with fleecy clouds, the bright sunshine and lovely mountains covered with snow gave us a zest for new experience.  Our guest was very entertaining with his kind voice and quaint use of old English words and phrases that were never heard in New York City, we thoroughly enjoyed our ride.  We drove through a number of fords which were so rough we would not have been surprised had we been dumped into the river.  Ben seemed to enjoy us as much as we did him.  Long after, when we had become warm friends, he said to me, "When I first met you and heard you talk, the day I hauled you and Miss. Newcomb down the river, I thought you was the fumiest talking women I ever heard."  "Did you, Ben?" I asked, "Well, we are even for I thought you was the funniest talking man I had ever heard."  "I recken."  Then we both laughed and reminissed some more.

            In course of time we came in sight of what was to be our home for six months.  A log house (eighty years old)(11) built under a hill with one small window at the end.  As we crossed the last ford which was longer than any of the others, we saw the family come out to look at the "New Women" who were to live in their house.

            Mr. Phipps(12), tall and slim, Mrs. Phipps just the opposite from her husband, a large strong woman.  Martha, the oldest daughter, tall and thin, and slightly stooped from caring for too many babies.  Murl, a good looking boy of fourteen and Guy, his brother, twelve; Artie, plump, freckled and much like her mother.  Then there were Blanche and Carl, "Little old girls," as their mother designated them.  Mother and girls dressed in red linsey, the boys with shirts to match, made a colorful group.

            "I have brung the women, Aunt Cora, and you must be good to them," was Ben's introduction.  We were ushered into the room with the small window which was partially furnished.  Two beds, a large box for a table, small boxes for the children to sit on and a few chairs.  What interested us most was the cabinet organ.  We asked which one was the musician.

            A family of young men(13) had purchased the organ thinking it was manipulated with a crank.  When they discovered they were mistaken, they wanted to sell it.  Our new neighbors said, "Them will know how to use it and maybe will teach my girls."  I liked her for looking forward, hoping the new neighbors would be a help to her girls.

            Later in the day Mrs. Phipps brought out a box of gifts some one had sent to be used for the community Christmas tree.  They had never had a tree or any Christmas celebration.  We agreed to help them out on Sunday as Monday was the beginning of the new year we would celebrate on Monday.  We were not prepared to arrange a real Christmas program but we could tell of God's gift to the world "His only begotten Son" and Minnie was a sweet singer and could give the message in song.  We had enough small gifts so the children could each have something for their own.

            Early in the afternoon two young men(14) came in for an intro­duction.  They worked in a lumber camp twenty miles away and walked over the mountains to see what a Christmas bush was like.  They heard we were to have one in our school house.  The boys brought a "Bush" from the woods.  The girls decorated it as well as possible with the scanty supply of material and everyone was happy.

            Great stalwart men, awkward young fellows, shy in the presence of strangers, young women as shy and awkward as the boys.  Mothers wearing their best gingham aprons and a goodly number of dear little children came.  We told the Christmas story and sang Christmas hymns, and wished everyone a "Happy New Year".

            The log school house was across the river, the weather had turned much colder and the river was frozen over.  Another problem of travel.  Mrs. Phipps came in with a young girl named Ninnie.  Ninnie had an old white mare and was willing to ferry us over, one at a time.  We walked down to the ford, which was slippery.  We mounted from a fallen tree and sat behind Ninnie clinging to her skirts.

            Curiosity brought quite a large group out to see the new arrivals so we had an opportunity to tell the people why we had come and to ask for their co‑operation in the Sunday School work and other meetings we hoped to have so we might know our Bibles better, and how to live to please the Heavenly Father who so "Loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son that whoso­ever believeth in Him should never perish but have everlasting life."

            This was the beginning of eighteen happy years in the Valley in the West Virginia Hills.  Joe and I were pals and he carried me over thousands of miles of rough country on all kinds of errands night and day.  Minnie had a mate for Joe called Phillip.  These faithful horses never failed us when we needed them.

            Several years later when our work was well established and a number of communities were enjoying their own Sunday schools and other activities we received from home a baby organ.  We stopped at Grandma's to help with a week's meetings and to share our new blessing with the friends in the community, in the school house where we had spent our first New Year's Eve.  The meetings were lovely and the organ had been a great help.  Each evening Grandma had been as close to the organ as possible.  At the close I asked, "Have you had a happy time this week?"  Grandma responded, "Lor yes, honey.  God has been so good to us.  First He sent us Sunday Schools and Prayer Meetings and Preaching and now an organ.  But best of all He sent you women to teach us about the Light and you stayed with us to be the sufferers to keep the lights burning."



                Mrs. Esther (Jarrell) Snipes of Marion, NC gave Miss. Jackson’s article to me in 1985.  Esther (14 Aug. 1901 Packsville, WV-27 Aug. 2001 Marion, NC) was the daughter of Uncle George M. and Aunt Mary Jane “Molly” (Farley) Jarrell.  Miss. Jackson was transferred years later to Maryville, College, TN as dormitory matron, and then to Haines, Alaska as Director of The Haines House orphanage.  Esther joined her in Alaska as a missionary.   Miss. Jackson died after returning to WV from Alaska and at her request was buried in the Jarrolds Valley Presbyterian Church Cemetery.  The church was torn down in late 1950s.  Mr. Argle Estep was occupying the old missionary house “manse” in 1987 when I visited him.  I noticed on March 24, 2010 that the manse was gone.  Miss. Jackson's headstone reads:



In Loving Memory of Emma Agnes Jackson

July 13 1871 ‑ March 27 1937


            The following definitions of the superscripts to Miss. Jackson's article may help to identify the area and people described by her.


*(1)  CLEAR FORK MOUNTAIN.  Clear Fork Mountain is wrongly described as the mountain between Clear Fork and Cabin Creek. Clear Fork Mountain is the mountain between Clear Fork and Little Marsh Fork.  The trail (road) described (on Kayford Mountain) is still used today and still wrongly called Clear Fork Mountain by some locals.  Kayford Mountain is the name of the mountain between upper Cabin Creek and Clear Fork.  Kayford is also the name of a town on Cabin Creek.


*(2)  DR. HUMBLE.   Dr. Christopher Humble, his wife, and son, Robert, were from Chicago.  Dr. Humble was serving in Charleston making visits into Clear Fork assessing the area for missionary activity.  He was responsible for getting Miss. Priscilla Spencer, the first missionary, to come to the area.  Dr. Calvin Ely later joined Dr. Humble and they built, in 1904, the little Jarrolds Valley Presbyterian Church, located across Big Coal River from White­sville, at then mouth of Clear Fork.  A few months later, a house for missionaries to live in called "manse" was built nearby.  Joseph A. Barrett, a local merchant, donated the land on which the church, cemetery and manse were built.  Graves in the cemetery are:


            Charles D.J. Barrett                  April 18, 1908-Aug. 13, 1968   WWII

            H. Maud Barrett                       1880-1969

Joseph A. Barrett                     1875-1934

Joseph L. Barrett                      Feb. 28, 1906-Jan. 9, 1984      WWII

Opal Barrett                             1902-1905

Emma Agnes Jackson               July 13, 1871-March 27, 1937

Ashley B. Morton                     Jan. 29. 1906-Feb. 26, 1924

Helen B. Watson                      1911-1994



Remains of Jarrolds Valley Presbyterian Church Steps

and Cemetery


*(3)  GRANDMA.   Grandma was Julia Ann (Abbott) Jarrell.  Julia (b.1825 Pipestem) was the daughter of Wilson Smith and Mary (Keatley) Abbott [Both are buried in Cooper-Bone Cemetery at Dry Creek].  She married #1 (Sept. 8, 1847) Adam Toney, the son of Poindexter and Jane Toney, and after their divorce #2 (Dec. 11, 1856) Lemuel Calfee Jarrell, Jr. (June 1826 Marfork- ~1907 Colcord).  Lemuel, Jr. was the son of Lemuel, Sr. and Elizabeth (Farley) Jarrell.  Lemuel, Jr.'s first wife, Julia F. Windsor was the daughter of Charles and Elizabeth (Childress) Windsor, died on 9 June 1855.  Lemuel, Jr. and Julia F. Windsor's children are:


                        Joseph  S.                     married Mary _______

                        Nancy Ann                   married Burwell Pettry

                        Elizabeth F.                  married #1 Anthony Lawson Stover

                                                                                    #2 John Riffe

                        Benjamin Franklin         married Alice Carroll Jarrell


         Julia Ann Abbott and Adam Toney had one child, Harriet Ann (~1847-26 March 1883), who married (Feb. 15, 1868) Callous Jackson Jarrell (~1842 Mercer Co.-20 April 1922 Dry Creek).  Callous lost a leg during the Civil War on Sept. 14, 1864 while serving in the Confederate Army near Richmond, Va.   Lemuel, Jr. and Julia Ann lived at the upper end of Dorothy on Clear Fork where the Thacker Coal Company coal tipple was built.  Lemuel, Jr. enlisted on 10 Oct.1861 into what later became the Union’s 7th W.Va., Cavalry Co. H.   He was described as 6'-2", tall fair complexion, hazel eyes, with dark hair.  Known children of Julia Ann (Abbott-Toney) and Lemuel, Jr. are:


                        John Lewis.                  married #1 Elizabeth Catherine Thompson

                        Mary Wilson                married Robert M. Hunter

                        William W.                               b. 20 July 1859

                        James                           married Martha E. Jarrell

                        Charles Lemuel             11 Jan. 1866-24 July 1866

                        Virginia             married Samuel Echols

James Covington          married Chole Zella Kuhn


*(4) MISS SPENCER.   Miss. Martha Priscilla Spencer (Dec. 7, 1850 PA– Feb. 27, 1929 Washington, DC), the first woman missionary in the area ~1895, was a Kansas schoolteacher.  She is credited as the founder and guiding director of the Pattie C. Stockdale School “The Home School” at Colcord, WV in 1901.  Miss. Adams, niece of Miss. Spencer, joined her later as a missionary.  Miss. Spencer first boarded with Lemuel, Jr. and Julia Ann Jarrell for about 4 years, then lived in a house that became part of The Home School.  She later transferred to Acme on Cabin Creek serving as a missionary.  For her relatively short stay at Clear Fork, her contribution is still recognized.


*(5)  MR. WINTERS.   "Mr. Winters, the minister, was non­committal."  Mr. Win­ters had been in the Dry Creek area as a missionary Minister.  Having a daughter out of wedlock with Ella Mae Pettry may have prompted him to transfer to Charleston.  The child’s name was Dora.  The missionaries later sent Dora to school and gave her a good education through the Presbyterian establishment.


*(6)  ENTRANCE OF A NARROW VALLEY.   Misses. Newcomb and Jackson had taken the train from Charleston to the station at the mouth of Cabin Creek.  Here they transferred to a coal train for Acme, WV.


*(7)  ACME, WEST VIRGINIA.   Acme is a coalmining town 16 miles up Cabin Creek.  The road from Acme across Kayford Mountain that Misses. Newcomb and Jackson traveled is still used today.


*(8)  MISS ALDEN.   ‑‑‑I have no data on Miss. Alden.‑‑


*(9)  BEN.   Benjamin Franklin Jarrell (Oct. 27, 1854–Aug. 28, 1938 Colcord), son of Lemuel, Jr. and his first wife, Julia F. (Windsor) Jarrell, married (5 April 1880) Alice Carroll Jarrell (21 Jan. 1858–12 April 1937), the daughter of Anderson and #2 Martha Jane (Carrow) Jarrell.  Known children of Ben and Alice are:


            Zora F.                         b. Feb. 1881    married John Holsten ?

            Lula C.                         b. Sept. 1883   married Madison “Matt” Jarrell

            Bonia A.                       b. April 1886

            Willa J.             b. Feb. 1889    married William Grogan

            Violorna “Burnia”         b. June 1891

            Percilla Martha b. May 1897    married Sampson John “S.J.” Morrie


*(10)   EIGHT MILE RIDE DOWN COAL RIVER.   Miss. Jackson should have correctly said, "eight mile ride down Clear Fork to Big Coal River".  Coal River extends from Kanawha River in Kanawha Co. through Boone Co.  Coal River is made up of the confluence of Little and Big Coal Rivers in Lincoln County at the “Forks of the Coal”.  Little Coal River is the drainage from Danville and Madison areas of Boone County with the waters of Turtle Creek and the confluence of Spruce Fork and Pond Fork.  Big Coal River extends to one-half mile above Whitesville.  At this point (fork), Big Coal River is made up of the confluence of Clear Fork and Marsh Fork in Raleigh County.  Clear Fork got its name from always having clear water, even after large rains.  Marsh Fork got its name because the headwaters begin at Harper Hill and the marshes in the Glen Daniel area of Raleigh Co.  This area was called "Marshes of the Coal".  Originally called Right Hand Fork and Clear Fork was called Left Hand Fork of the Coal.


*(11)    A LOG HOUSE (EIGHTY YEARS OLD).   This log house was originally built about ~1840 by and was the home of David and Elizabeth (Pettry) Holstein.  Misses. Newcomb and Jackson lived here until moving into the newly built manse near the Jarrolds Valley Presbyterian Church.


*(12)    MR. PHIPPS.   Joel R. Phipps (4 March 1864 Sandlick-8 May 1939 Huntington, WV), son of Andrew Lewis and Emily Frances (Daniel) Phipps, married (Dec. 9, 1882) #1 Cora Elizabeth Jarrell (19 July 1859 Jarrold’s Valley-15 Oct. 1922 Huntington), daughter of Leftrich and Mary Jane (Meadows) Jarrell.  Joel married (1924) #2 Mrs. Elizabeth Akers after Cora died and was divorced in about one year of marriage to her.  In Huntington, Joel and Cora operated a grocery store.  Joel and Cora had nine children and all were born at Jarrolds Valley (Whitesville, WV).  Their know children are:


                Bertha Lee                   1884-1957       married Grover C. Blackwood

            Oscar Murl                   1885-1960       married Effie Mae Holton

            Guy Leftridge               1887-1951       married Mattie Jane Keyser

            Artie Frances                1889-1970       married #1 William Cole Mallory

                                                                                                #2 Joseph Allen Merritt

            Cleo Grace                   Oct. 11, 1891-Mar. 27, 1892

            Carl James                   1893-1976       married Brookie Louise Griffith

            Lena Blanche                1895-1973       married Leonard Norman Rogers

            Jean Ester                     1898-1974       married Hal Edward Wertz

            Cesyl Reaugh               1900-1971       married Sadie Ruth Hinchman


            Joel and Cora Phipps lived at Jarrolds Valley (Whitesville) where the White Coal Company Store was built, just below the old railroad station and water tower.  Joel and Cora later lived and died in Huntington, WV.  I believe Joel originally farmed but later may have worked for the C&O Railroad when it was built to Whitesville.  One of their grandsons, James Edward Phipps, the son of Oscar Murl Phipps, became a prominent doctor in Huntington, WV.


*(13)  A FAMILY OF YOUNG MEN.   This was the family of Floyd Jackson and Pauline Ann (Jarrell) Williams who had 11 boys and lived at Rock Creek, Colcord and Pettus.  Floyd (b.~1839) was the son of Lewis and Catherine (Scarbrough) Williams, married (1863) Pauline "Pliney" (25 Aug. 1840~1900) the daughter of James Anderson and Martha (Pettry) Jarrell.  Sons of Floyd and "Pliney" are:


            James Lewis “Buzz” (b.1864)   married Alethia A. Toney  (b.1868)

            George Thomas (1867-1951) married  Lurissa (Farley) Brown (b.1871)

            Jacob                                       died 12 years old

            Andrew Jackson (1869-1951)  married #1 Frances Leanza West

#2 Deznie Vern Raines

            John Morris         (1871-1946) married Othea Alice Kuhn  (1879-1947)

            Joseph Nelson    “Joe”     11 August 1875-17 August 1900 of TB

            Robert Lee          (1877-1967) married Lura Belle Massey  (1882-1952)

Charles Logan     (1880-1958) married Sarah Louise Webb  (1882-1955)

Jessie                                       Nov. 13, 1884-1885

            Jefferson              (1886-1960) married #1 Josie Richmond  (b.~1890)

                                                                 #2 Sarah Frances (Cantley) Cantley (1891-1986)

            Frank                  (b.1887)        married Florence Jarrell


            Also in this family was Phillip Sheridan “Mac” McMillion (Dec. 7, 1872-Jan. 24, 1948 Dameron, WV), the son of Floyd J. Williams and Elizabeth McMillion, the daughter of Nathaniel and Jane G. (Hendricks) McMillion.  Floyd and Pauline reared "Mac" with their own sons for a number of years.  Mac married #1 (July 11, 1900) Angeline Clay (May 1878-Apr. 25, 1905), the daughter of Ralph Stewart and Susan (McMillion) Clay, #2 (Nov. 23, 1907) Ella B. Boseworth (b.1891), and #3 (Dec. 18, 1918) Ada Belle Underwood (b.Oct. 10, 1896), the daughter of Jehu and Martha Lucretia (Scarbrough) Underwood.  Mac and Angeline had no known children, but Mac and Ella’s had a son, William Dawson (7 April 1911-5 Dec. 1960), who married Luemma Jane Acord, the daughter of William H. “Tally” and Rosie (Tabor) Acord.  Mac and Ada Belle’s known children are:


Gwen                                       married ____________ Collins

Icie May           1919-1995       married             #1 Ivan McGraw

#2 Woodrow Wilson Bonds

            Harold S.         b. 1927            married

            Helen Ruth       1929~1992      married John Bonds

            Rexford Lee     b. 1937            married Vonnie Sue Adkins 


            After Pauline died, Floyd married #2 Rachell Belle (Cook) Claypool, the daughter of Leonidas Hamilton and Lurena (Webb) Cook and the widow of John Floyd Claypool.  Floyd J. and Rachell had no children, but Rachell’s daughter Nyanza Claypool married William Averill “Willie” Clay the son of James Mandeville and Ludosia (Cantley) Clay.  Willie was also the widower of #1 Nancy Elizabeth McGinnis and #2 Nancy Mae “Kennie” (Vaneklinde-Miller) Clay.  After Floyd J. died, Rachell married #3 Samuel Cantley, the son of James Alexandra and Rebecca Jane (Clay) Cantley and the widower of Sarah (Richmond) Cantley.

Floyd and his brother Laynus “Linus” [b.1836, married to Preachy Toney] were members of Capt. William D. Thurmond’s Rangers, CSA Fayette Co. Home Guard, during the Civil War.  Their only foray with the enemy was with Capt. Blazer’s Federals, USA, from Gallipolis, OH at Green Sulfur Springs on Lick Creek in Summers Co. WV.   Blazer’s Federals was an OH Home Guard outfit on a raiding party foraging in WV.  Both Home Guards were plundering and up to no good, accidentally met each other and for 10 minutes exchanged gunfire resulting in some minor wounds and a wounded horse that died the next day, each side quickly retreated to where they came from.  Linus and his cousin, George F. Williams, died (1 Aug. 1896) instantly after they unknowingly drink Tannic or Carbolic Acid stored in a whiskey bottle while setting on horses traveling with friends.  George had picked up the wrong bottle when he left home that day.


*(14)    TWO YOUNG MEN.   The two young men were brothers Charles and Joseph Williams.  They were two of eleven sons of Floyd J. and Pauline (Jarrell) Will­iams.  At that time Charles and Joseph worked on Clear Fork in timber and stayed at the timber camp at the mouth of Sycamore Hollow during the week.  Their home was at Pettus, one mile up river from Whites­ville.  Later Joseph became engaged to Minnie B. Newcomb and studied to become a minist­er.  Joseph died at age 25 of TB before any marriage and was buried at the Packsville Cemetery.  Joseph has a sandstone tombstone, made locally, and is still readable (1999).  Some 20+ years later, Minnie Newcomb had developed TB and heart problems and returned to her home in New Jersey where she died.

            Pettus was named after William H. Pettus, who was from KY and was President/Owner of a Coal Mine there.   The coalmine was located at Clay’s Bottom.

            Misses. Newcomb (May 1875 Hamilton, NJ~1923 Hamilton, NJ of heart problems) and Jackson (July 13, 1871 Elizabeth, NJ–March 27, 1937 Jarrolds Valley, WV) stopped at Joseph A. Barrett's home at Pettus on the evening of ___________, while on their way to visit the home of Floyd Williams where Pauline (25 Aug. 1840 Packsville ~1900 Pettus), his wife, was very ill.  When leaving the Barrett's home they asked their hired girl, Sarah Webb, to accompany them.  While visiting, Pauline “Pliney” asked Sarah to come closer so she could see her better.  Pauline died while Sarah was talking to her.  Pauline died in the later months of 1900 and is buried in the Packsville Cemetery, on the right side of her son, Joseph Nelson Williams, and has only fieldstones as markers.  Floyd Williams is buried on the left side of his son, Joseph.  Packsville Cemetery is located on a mountainside across the creek from the A.T. Massey Coal Company’s office building.  A.T. Massey’s office building [Now Alpha Energy Resources, Inc.] is located on the original site of Martin Petry, patriarch of all the Pettry (spl) families in the area, and later, George M. Jarrell’s (Pliney’s brother) home. *


Sarah Louise (Webb) and Charles Logan Williams




Charles Logan Williams’ Home after relocated

on Rt. 3, Naoma, WV


            As the horse drawing wagon funeral procession with Pauline's body being taking to the cemetery at Packs­ville, passed a log house on a bluff under construct­ion at Pettus, Sarah Webb asked Miss. Jackson who was building the house.  To this she replied that it was Charles Williams, Pauline's son.  Later that day Miss. Jackson introduced Sarah Louisa Webb, the daughter of Andrew Wilson and Annis (Webb) Webb, to Charles Logan Williams.  They were marriage on 28 Sept. 1904.  Misses. Newcomb and Jackson gave curtains as a wedding gift for their home.  My mother and father also married in this log house in the morning of 25 Dec. 1924 by Rev. Jordan D. Peters.  That same evening, Grandma Sarah gave birth to her son Lawrence.  This log house was dismantled and rebuilt at Naoma, WV on State Route 3 by Roger Hamilton in 1988.  The pictures above were taken when it was erected there.  The cabin was then sold in 2009 to Richard Weaver, 218 Wilson St., Ravenswood, WV 26164, Phone: 304-373-5969.  Richard Weaver plans to rebuild it at Belpre, OH.  Charles and Sarah (Webb) Williams are my grandparents.  I remember Grandpa calling a Christmas tree, "Christmas bush" and always called Grandma, "Her” or “She".  Grandpa addressing Grandma as "Her” or “She" was in keeping with the awkwardness, shy and bashfulness of men around women at that time.  Grandpa was reared in a family of twelve boys.  Addressing Grandma with a pet name, or even her first name, would suggest a much too personal relationship even though they were married and had 7 children.


Sarah Louise (Webb) and Charles Logan Williams ~1950

and their young family. 1921 McGinnis Fork, Rock Creek, WV.




* ‑‑‑‑‑‑End‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑ *










            On 23 June 2007 at a ‘Pettry-Bradford’ family reunion at Meadow Creek, WV, the following article was discovered in a photo album of Artie Irene (Pettry) Bradford.  This article is in the possession of Carol JoAnn (Bradford) Thomas, Artie’s daughter and the great-granddaughter of Ella Pettry.  The Pettrys at the reunion are the descendants of Dewey Pettry, a grandson of Ella Pettry.  The Bradfords are descendents of Artie Irene (Pettry) Bradford.  Artie and Dewey are children of Ella’s daughter, Lillian Mae Belle (Pettry) Perry.



Pettry - Bradford Reunion

2009 Meadow Creek, WV


            Here is the article from “WOMEN AND MISSIONS” a monthly magazine of National and Foreign Missions, 156 Fifth Ave., New York City, NY.  Published by the Woman’s Committees of the Boards Missions of the Presbyterian Church, Vol. V, November 1928.  The article is “Mountain Women”, written by Misses. Anna Bell Stewart and Rose M. Stewart and can be found on pages 288-290.  This article reads and sounds like Miss. Emma Agnes Jackson’s previous article, “PIONEERING ON HORSEBACK”.  At one time I believed Miss. Jackson’s article was modified to fit the stories Misses. Rose Stewart and Anna Bell Stewart wanted to tell.  After reading other articles written that were published in the “Women and Missions” magazine, it appears all of the articles had the same style and flavor as the rest.  Religious people, then as today, tend to write and talk the same, using the same metaphors and phrases in describing their world.  You often feel that you have heard the same thing before from a different Christian, no matter where you are


I added the superscripts in the article.  At the end of the article, each superscript is identified further to help the reader to understand the characters, places and events better.


The article “Mountain Women” in a

Presbyterian Publication, Vol. V, November 1928 of








by: Misses. Anna Bell Stewart(1) and Rose M. Stewart(2), Presbyterian Missionaries


            The stories of the two mountain women told below are true.  Aunt Moll Thompson and Ellie lived in the neighborhood of the Pattie C. Stockdale School(3) at Colcord, an inspiration to all who knew them.  Mountain women have great reticence about appearing in print, but these have made sacrifice of their own innate modesty on the altar of their Lord in the hope that their stories may help others.  Our hearts were made glad this week by a visit from dear old Aunt Moll Thompson, the saint and intercessor of this valley, too badly crippled with rheumatism to get out often, but a blessing to us all.  She walked about in the dormitory, then into church, exclaiming, ‘Oh, isn’t it beautiful?  It’s the Lord’s House, and just think, it’s ours!’  Yes, “ours” indeed, for this dear child of God had a large part in bringing the church here.  For eight long years she prayed for the gospel to be brought to this absolutely unchurched valley lying in spiritual darkness.

            Aunt Moll was once out of the valley to a point where there were missionaries.  On her return she began to pray for workers to come to Colcord, especially that her children might know the gospel.  To this day she loves to show the old stone which was her altar day by day and where she prayed with the tears running down the crevices in the stone.  She never doubts that we are here only because she prayed.  Her zeal and earnestness and her childlike faith are an inspiration to us always.

            Two years ago when we were seeking a pastor she joined us in prayer that the right man should be sent.  We were much touched at the prayer meeting when she expressed the opinion that the Lord had sent him just because we prayed, and had chosen the very best one for us.  Her child mind had not grasped the fact that others were praying as well and that many forces were operating in bringing about the answer to our prayers.

            Aunt Moll has been president of our young missionary society.  Pages could be filled with her attempts at presiding, which are both pathetic and humorous and at the same time inspiring.  Poised firmly on her substantial feet, her ample body sways back and forth as she spells out the words in the passage of scripture of her choice, and earnestly prays for blessing upon us and upon the work of the kingdom.  She was one of three old women who receive their first lessons in reading from one of the early missionaries, and during the last years Aunt Moll has become able to read the Bible.  She is like many of our mountain people, who can ‘read printing a little, but cannot read writing.’  Not long ago she gave me permission to send out her story and I am using her own words to pass it on to others:


Aunt Moll’s(4) Story


            Years ago there were no missionaries in the valley and no regular preaching.  I was in the Old White Oak graveyard up on the hill, at a funeral of a man whose buryin’ had been a year or two before. There in the funeral I found the Lord.  At first I lived a Christian life, but there was no one to help me and no meetings except every once in while and I fell away and didn’t live like I ought.  I felt so bad all the time I could hardly stand it, and a last I began to pray and ask God to show me how to live and to forgive me.

            “One day, going up the road drivin’ my three children before me, I was a studyin’ about it, and I heard a voice inside me say, ‘He forgive me.’  That made me happy and I said out loud, ‘Thank God.’ Then I began to pray to God to send me some one to help us up here.  Every day I left my little family and went up the holler to a rock in Booger Branch(5).  There I cried to God for help for us.  I shed more tears on my knees before God than any other way.  Even yet you can see the stone and big crevice where my tears rolled down.  I prayed hard, ’Oh God, send me somebody to stay and keep us up.’

            “Long years I prayed.  Then the Mormons(6) came, but they were not the answer to my prayer.  Law no, I couldn’t bear them.  Then the first thing I knowed, a Presbyterian preacher(7) came over the top of Kayford Mountain(8) and met my dear sister in Lord, Aunt Julie Jarrell(9).  He told her he was a minister and was aimin’ to start Sunday school over at the mouth of Sycamore(10).  She said, ‘Thank God!  He’s sendin’ the light.  That’s what we want; it’s the light.’  Others used to bring the light and take it away again.  Then it was backer than ever.

            “Then right at once him and our lovin’ sister, Miss Spencer(11), came in, and they both boarded with Aunt Julie.  From the first Miss Spencer came to my house and we would go to the hills together and pray.  It was a sight, the way we were together talking to God and His works.  I went with her to the other homes when I could get away.  In two weeks a Sunday school was started.  How I loved it!  I was like a new born babe in Christ.  It seemed I had to be fed and it had to grow into me.  As I grew older it meant more and more to me and was more than anything on earth, and is yet.

            “My lovin’ friend Miss Spencer gave me a Bible and put me to readin’ it.  She taught three of us together.  We had prayed meetings at our house and they were blessed times.  Oh, I never will forget it the night that the Lord showed my little boy how he stood before Him!  That boy is a man now and still talks of the blessings of those meetings.

            “I said, ‘Ain’t you goin’ to build a church?’  Soon a little chapel was put up and happy days began.  Miss Spencer helped me and I followed her.  I jined the church as soon as it came.  My (a picture of Ellie Pettry and Jr. feeding chickens was inserted here with the caption; “Seventy and Seven”) daughter in law and me were the first to go into it.  It began to grow from that on.  My church is my whole life.  What would this valley be without the church?  I am afraid to think about it!

            “For years we have had family prayers, my old man and me, and now our boarder takes turn with us.  From the first I have worked and helped the church in every way I could, but I never did anything as hard as president of the missionary society.  My oldest daughter has been workin’ in the Presbyterian Church ever since it came here.  My other two jinxed the church too, and have holped what they can.  I’m still prayin’ for my boys that are not saved.”


Ellie’s(12) Story


            “You can go back home and tell folks about me.  Then they’ll know this missionary work was worth while.”

            (The sacrifice of the pride that shrink from being “told about” was Ellie’s gift to the mission which had brought peace and joy and righteousness into her life.)

            I’ve done wrong through life, but there was no one to tell us different.  Before the Presbyterian missionaries came we had no Sunday school, church, Bible or anything.  Then one day a woman rode over Horse Creek Mountain(13) and rang the bell at the Muddy Linn schoolhouse(14).  Of course, we all went to see what it was about, and the woman led us inside and began to teach us the Bible.

            “Miss Jackson(15) and Miss Newcomb(16) used to ride horseback from Jarrell’s Valley(17) to Dry Creek(18) (about twelve miles) and have Sunday school for us.  They keep it up for about a year and a half, and had one Christmas tree for us- the first time we ever saw the like.  Then Miss Bunday(19) came and sent one of my girls off to school.  She and Miss McEwen(20) had a sewing class, too.  Miss Harris(21) and Dr. Mills(22) came next.  I don’t know just how long Dr. Mills stayed, but it was right smart while and she did a lot for us in sickness and in trouble.  After she died, Miss Harris went away and Mr. and Mrs. Reaugh(23) stayed ten or twelve years.  Mrs. Reaugh taught us most we know about canning and cooking and Mr. Reaugh the Bible.

            We never had a Bible till Miss Bunday gave one to my girl Belle(24).  Then Miss Harris gave a Bible to every girl and boy that would learn The Ten Commandments, the Lord’s Prayer, the Apostle’s Creed, the Twenty-third Psalm, and the books of the Bible.  Five Bibles came to our house that time-one to my grandson(25) six years old.  He learned them by hearing the rest say them so much.  Four of my girls went to the Home school(26) one time and another.  One(27) was given a grand education.  The missionary women were always welcome in our home, and they gave us clothing(28) and other things to help us live.  I always went to Sunday school and took the children.  I didn’t just make them learn the golden texts, but the whole lesson to say by heart every Sunday.

            “Tell your folks back home that every one of my six girls(29) lived to have a Christian home and two of my granddaughters are promised to missionary work; and ask them if it wasn’t worth it.”

            When I first knew Ellie we were working hard for the Kingdom in the little missionary society on Dry Creek.  Nothing could stem her energy or discourage her enthusiasm as she pieced and quilted and raised her chickens for the sake of those who, like herself, “had no one to tell them better.”  I wanted to give her some small gift in appreciation of her help, but, she refused, “No, no, I never did it for pay.”  But when urged she yielded shyly, “Well, if you’re aimed to give me something, could it be a Testament with right big letters?  I could maybe learn to spell ‘em out.’  She got the Testament and in a month had spelled through most of the Gospel of Matthew.  How many would ask for a Testament as the choicest gift if they lacked shoes and the ordinary comforts of life?

            The light that came to her home has been passed on.  One of her girls has brought up three homeless children, and Ellie in her seventies has taken on the task of mothering another little “throwed out” child from a Charleston orphanage- she at seventy and he at seven(30), snatching a living from a mere rock pile tip-tilted on a mountain side(31), but with enough to spare a mite for those who have been left out.






            The following definitions of the superscripts to the article above in (WOMEN AND MISSIONS) may help to identify the area and people described.


*(1)  MISS ANNA BELL STEWART.            Miss. Anna Bell Stewart was the Director and supervisor of  Pattie C. Stockdale Memorial School “The Home School”  Colcord, W.Va. from 1925 to 1935.


*(2)  MISS ROSE M. STEWART.      Miss. Rose M. Stewart was a teacher at “The Home School”.


*(3)  PATTIE C. STOCKDALE SCHOOL.    Pattie C. Stockdale School at Colcord, WV was established in 1901 by Miss. Martha Priscilla Spencer who was the first missionary to come to the Clear Fork area in ~1895.  Most often referred to as “The Home School”, this school originally was for girls but later a few boys attended.  Ms. Elizabeth Stockdale originally financed three building naming the chapel “Pattie C. Stockdale” after her mother.  It is unclear to me what the correct name of the school was.  In the later years of operation it was often referred to as the “The Home School College”.  I have a piece of school stationary that Anna Belle Stewart, Director, wrote a note to Ella Pettry.  Heading on the stationary and note:  


Pattie C. Stockdale Memorial School

Colcord, West Virginia

Conducted by

The Board of National Missions

of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.


Anna Belle Stewart, Director


My dear friend:

                I told a friend of mine about how you got hurt and she has sent you a Christmas gift.

                I was so sorry to hear of Mrs. Bradley’s death after I got home.  Was sorry we did not hear of it in time to go to the service.

                                With love,                your friend,  Anna Belle


Note:    Mrs. Bradley was Ella’s daughter Electra Paris who married Alfred Louden Bradley.  Electra (Sept. 8, 1879-Nov. 25 1929) and Alfred were divorced at this time.


*(4)  AUNT MOLL.    Aunt Pauline “Moll” (Jarrell) Thompson (March 1850 ~1946) was the daughter of Albert and Julia Ann (Rutherford) Jarrell married (Jan. 21, 1871) her first cousin, Lorenzo Dow Thompson (b. March 1841), the son of Chapman and Alethia Mae (Jarrell) Thompson.  Albert and Alethia were children of Gibson and Sarah (Petry) Jarrell.  I believe Aunt Moll’s name is Mary Pauline Jarrell and was also known as “Polina, Perlina, Pliney and Polinda”.  In her day most everyone had nicknames because the range of names used were few.  Nicknames made it easier to distinguish one from another.  The common nickname for Mary was Molly.  Shorting Molly to Moll distinguishes the many Marys “Molly – Mollie” to Moll (Jarrell) Thompson.  “Aunt” and “Uncle” were names given with great respect, to most of the older people in the community by everyone.   Known 9 of 11 children of Lorenzo and Aunt Moll are:


Viola                b. 18 Sept. 1873          married 1892    _________ Toney

Charles H.        b. 6 Feb. 1878             married Dora Susan Jarrell

Hilda V.           b. July 1880                 married Mary _________

William b. 5 Jan. 1882

Ira                    b. June 1885

Atta M.            b. May 1889

Shady               b. 3 Aug. 1890             married Samuel M. Foster

Van B.             b. March 1893             married Enola ________

Edna B.            b. July 1897                 married Peg Foster


*(5)  BOOGER BRANCH.     Booger Branch is a small hollow across the creek in front of the Pattie C. Stockdale School on Clear Fork.  There is a cemetery here where many of the original local pioneers are buried.


*(6)  MORMONS.      The Mormons entered the areas of Marsh Fork and Clear Fork searching for converts before and during the Presbyterian Missionary effort.  The Mormons were strict and less tolerant of people’s bad behavior than the Presbyterians.  Young men serving out their Church’s one-year field requirement conducted the Mormon missionary effort.  There appears that at no time the Mormons were planning to build churches in the area.  Even so, the Presbyterian Ministers and Missionaries taught the fear of God into the people to get converts.  Then as now, most Christians claim the Mormons are not Christians.  How Christians can justify this claim, I do not know.  There are very few Mormons and Presbyterians in the area now with the Baptists appearing to be the dominant religion.  Perhaps it’s because the Mormons and Presbyterians require organization and missionaries’ onsite while the Baptists are independent, and require no central organization.  The Baptist Churches in this area are independent, and preachers require no religious education and are often referred to as “jack-leg preachers”.  Many of the Mormon converts moved to Utah.  This fact became clear to me while doing genealogy research in the Marsh Fork-Clear Fork area over the years.

            During the Civil War the southern churches of the Presbyterian Church USA broke away from the mother church and formed the Southern Presbyterian Church US.  It was the northern branch (Union branch) that sponsored the effort in the Marsh Fork and Clear Fork areas.  It wasn’t until the 1960s or ‘70s [I believe] that the two churches reunited somewhat.  Most of the people in the area were northern sympathizers, but there was some bushwhacking between the Union and Confederacy factions.




Remains of Jarrolds Valley Presbyterian Church

and Cemetery.


*(7)  PRESBYTERIAN PREACHER. This preacher is Dr. Christopher Humble serving from Charleston, WV.  He was the first Presbyterian Minister to enter the Coal River areas of Clear Fork, Marsh Fork and Whitesville and began the Presbyterian’s effort to win converts in about 1892.  Dr. Humble later moved his wife and son, Robert, to the Charleston area from Chicago, IL.   Dr. Calvin Ely later joined Dr. Humble and they built the little Jarrolds Valley Presbyterian Church in 1904 on land donated by Joseph A. Barrett, local merchant.  This Church was located across Big Coal River from Whitesville at the mouth of Clear Fork and Tom’s Branch, and was torn down in the 1950s.  The cemetery associated with the Church is still there.  At the mouth of Clear Fork (Jarrolds Valley), the Presbyterians built a manse in 1904 to house the missionaries who came to serve the area over the following years.  The first missionaries to live in the manse were Miss. Emma Agnes Jackson and Miss. Minnie B. Newcomb.

Whitesville was named after Benjamin W. White, Owner/Operator of a coalmine there and laid out into lots in 1912 and incorporated in 1935.  I have also read where Andrew Blackburn Ballard coined the name “Whitesville” after his mother-in-law, the widow of Clement Ballard White; Mrs. Amanda Melissa (Bragg) White, who lived nearby at the mouth of Seng Creek.


*(8)  KAYFORD MOUNTAIN.         Kayford Mountain is the mountain between Clear Fork and Cabin Creek.  A road that is still in use crosses this mountain from the towns of Colcord on Clear Fork to Kayford on Cabin Creek.


*(9)  JULIE JARRELL.            Julia Ann (Abbott) Jarrell (b.1825 Pipestem) was the daughter of Wilson Smith and Mary (Keatley) Abbott.  Wilson Abbotts moved from Pipestem, WV to live at the mouth of Dry Creek in 1838.  Wilson laid clam to the whole of Dry Creek in 1838 and later became Deputy Sheriff and therefore, tax collector.  Julia Ann married #1 (Sept. 8, 1847) Adam Toney, the son of Poindexter and Jane Toney, and after they divorced, married #2 (Nov. 12, 1856) Lemuel Calfee Jarrell, Jr. (June 1826 Marfork on Little Marsh Fork-Colcord).  Lemuel, Jr. was the son of Lemuel “Sam”, Sr. and Elizabeth (Farley) Jarrell, who moved to Little Marsh Fork about 1823.  Lemuel, Jr.’s first wife, Julia F. Windsor (d. June 9, 1855), was the daughter of Charles and Elizabeth (Childress) Windsor.  Julia Ann and Adam Toney had one child, Harriett Ann (1848-1883), who married (Feb. 15, 1858) Callous Jackson Jarrell, Lemuel, Jr.’s cousin.  Callous lost a leg on Sept. 14, 1864 near Richmond, Va. during the Civil War fighting for the Confederate cause.  Callous (23 July 1842 Monroe, Co.–20 April 1922 Dry Creek) was in Co. A, 30N, Va. Sharpshooters CSA.  Callous traded his land on Sycamore Hollow, which was given to him by his father Gibson Jarrell, with his cousin Lemuel, Jr., for a large track of land on the south side of Marsh Fork Creek (Coal River) between Dry Creek and Rock Creek.  A section of this farm is still called “Jarrell’s Bottom” and Callous is buried there.  Callous married #2 (4 Jan. 1886) Mary Martha Clementine Massey, the daughter of William and Mary Ann (Combs) Massey.  Lemuel, Jr. enlisted on Oct. 10, 1861 into the 8th Va. Infantry that later became the Union Army’s 7th W.Va. Cavalry, Co. H.  Discharged Jan. 23, 1865, he was described as 6’-2” tall, fair complexion, hazel eyes, with dark hair.  Julia Ann and Lemuel, Jr. lived at the upper end of Dorothy on Clear Fork.  Lemuel, Jr. and Julia F. Windsor’s known children are:


                        Joseph  S.                     married Mary ________

                        Nancy Ann                   married Burwell Pettry

                        Elizabeth F.                  married #1 Anthony Lawson Stover

                                                                                    #2 John Riffe

                        Benjamin Franklin         married Alice Carroll Jarrell


            Julia Ann Abbott and Lemuel, Jr.’s known children are:


                        John Lewis                   married #1 Elizabeth Catherine Thompson

                        Mary Wilson                married Robert M. Hunter

                        William W.                               b. 20 July 1859

                        James                           married Martha E. Jarrell

                        Charles Lemuel             11 January 1866-24 July 1866

                        Virginia             married Samuel Echols

                        James Covington          married Chole Zella Kuhn         


*(10)  SYCAMORE.        Sycamore is also the name of an area at the mouth of Sycamore Hollow.  Sycamore Hollow is a right hand fork of Clear Fork at Colcord.  To travel to Dry Creek, Rock Creek, Horse Creek and Little Marsh Fork areas from Clear Fork, you would travel up Sycamore Hollow and cross the mountain to these areas.  Gibson (~1773-1862) and his #2 wife, Sarah (Petry) (~1780-1861) Jarrell, was one of the first families to live on Clear Fork at the mouth of Sycamore Hollow near Colcord.  The Jarrell families settled here in ~1823 and at one time laid claim to most of Clear Fork below Sycamore, hence the name of Jarrolds Valley.  [I have reason to believe that Gibson Jarrell’s first name is not Martin and he may not have had a first name at all.  Second names were not common until after ~1812 in the southern backwoods.  The label “Jr.” did not necessarily mean that he shared the same full name as his father.  Jr. was also used to separate someone else in the area with the same name but of a different family.]



*(11)  MISS SPENCER.         Miss. Martha Priscilla Spencer (Dec. 7, 1850 Half-Moon Valley, PA–Feb. 27, 1929 Presbyterian Home, Washington, DC) came to Colcord, WV in October 1895, and was the first woman missionary in the Clear Fork-Marsh Fork area.  Miss. Spencer was a Kansas schoolteacher, and her niece Miss. Adams, joined her later as a missionary.  Miss. Spencer worked the area from Colcord on Clear Fork and later at Acme on Cabin Creek.  Miss. Spencer founded the Pattie C. Stockdale School for Girls at

Colcord, (Lawson) WV in 1901




Ella Pettry

Half-sisters, Ardellia P. Petrey and Ella Pettry.



*(12)  ELLIE.              Ellie, Ellen or Ella Mae Pettry (27 April 1858 Crump’s Bottom, Mercer Co.–6 Nov. 1939 Dry Creek, WV) was the daughter of Nancy Avner Pettry and Dr. Robert Greenleaf, MD of Summers and Mercer Counties.  Ella came to Coal River with her mother, Nancy, two sisters and two nephews.  After a 5-day trek in a covered wagon from Pipestem, they arrived at the mouth of Horse Creek on 30 April 1867 and camped-out under a cliff.  The next day they arrived at their designation, her G-uncle Jacob and Celia (Gore) Petry’s home at Edwight, WV.




    Jacob and Celia (Gore) Petry                   Berry” and Nancy Avner (Pettry) Anderson

     Edwight, WV                                                    Dry Creek, WV


Her daughter Lula said her only name was Ella and she added “Mae” later in life and she spelled her name as “Eler”.  The only time I saw where she had written her name was “Ella” and this spelling appears on her gravestone.  Crump’s Bottom is now under the waters of Lake Bluestone Dam on New River, near Hinton, WV.  I remember Great-Grandma Ella and also her funeral at the Union (Marsh Fork) Presbyterian Church at the mouth of Dry Creek and they sang “Little Brown Church in the Dale”.  The Presbyterian Church at Dry Creek was first built in ~1915.  Ella never married but had eight children, 7 girls and 1 boy, her first child Ceba (1875-1947) was born when she was 17 years old.  Ella’s favorite pastime was fishing.  Perhaps this sport was developed while young on New River before coming to the Marsh Fork area.  Most likely she learned to enjoy the sport that also provided her with fish for the family to eat.  According to my father, who enjoyed and learned to fish from Ella, she would not fish on Sundays.


Ella wrote on the back of this picture:

Me and Artie, Bob and Dora, Clauda, Ned, Jean

and Keith and Seba’s to children.


Six of Ella’s eight children’s father was Charles Alexander Burnside.  Her daughter Dora’s father was Rev. Winters, a missionary-minister, and Parthina’s father was William Miles Watrous, who worked in the Dry Creek’s timber mill.  Here are the children of Ella Pettry.


                        Ceba Margaret             married Henry Lewis Burnside

                                                                        father                Charles A. Burnside

                        Electra  Paris                 married Alfred Louden Bradley

                                                                        father                Charles A. Burnside

                        Lillian Mae Belle           married Rev. Charles Wesley Perry

                                                                        father                Charles A. Burnside

                        Parthina Avner  married Robert Lee Jarrell

                                                                        father                William Miles Watrous

                        Dora Ruth                    married Harry Todd Morrison

                                                                        father                Rev. ________ Winters

                        Claudia Marie               married Charles Anderson Jarrell

                                                                        father                Charles A. Burnside

                        Lula Faye                     married #1 James Earl Marks (Miricks)

                                                                                    #2 James Garland “Garlie” Pettry

                                                                                    #3 Gilbert Bee Acord

                                                                        father                Charles A. Burnside

                        Charles Franklin           married #1 Beatrice “Bee” Williams

                                                                                    #2 Ruby Christine (Hubbard) Phipps

                                                                                    #3 & #4 Mrs. Pearl B. Kokesh

                                                                                    #5 Thelma G. Theiss

                                                                        father                Charles A. Burnside



Ella Pettry’s children,

Lula, Claudia, Charlie “Pap” and Parthina.


            Charles Alexander “Bud” Burnside (6 May 1856 Mercer Co.-4 Nov. 1904 of TB, Dry Creek), the son of Andrew Smith and Dorcas Wilson (Abbott) Burnside, was married (15 Dec. 1881) to Susan Elmyra (Petry-Arnold) Harper (b. Sept. 15, 1863 Dry Creek).  Susan was the daughter of John S. and Elizabeth Electra (Williams) Petry.  John S. Petry was the son of Martin and Sarah (Davis) Petry and Elizabeth was the daughter of Jeremiah and Susannah (White) Williams.  John was in the 7th W.Va. Cal. and the Confederates captured him shortly after the Salem Raid.  Elizabeth Electra married #2 (July 23, 1869) Thomas Arnold after John died (June 29, 1863-Grave #2645) in Georgia’s Andersonville Prison during the Civil War.  Thomas Arnold, the son of Jerry and Susan Arnold, adopted Susan and her sister Rozilla, who married George Washington Jackson.  Susan may have been married to a Harper before marring Charles on 15 Dec. 1881, but I dough it.  Charles “Bud” and Susan “Duck” had three children, Dollie E., Dillie and Dale Smith Burnside, before they separated.  Susan later had another child, John Oliver Burnside by William “Lawyer Bill” Alexander Massey, the father of Mont Massey.  John Oliver Burnside (1 March 1906 Colcord, WV-5 Sept. 1978 TX) married Opal Oletta Wallace and raised his family in Lufkin, TX.  I was told that Susan was later institutionalized at Spence, WV and may have died there.  Charles would often leave Ella for years at a time, which accounts for why she had two children with men other than Charles.  On his last returned, Charles was very ill and Ella took care of him until he died a few months later on Nov. 4, 1904 at age 48 of TB.  Charles, who was worthless, except as a stud, is buried in the Pettry Cemetery.



Ella  Pettry and her children,

Charlie “Pap”, G-daughter Fannie Burnside, Ella, G-son Dewey, Parthina,

Claudia, Ceba, Lula and Mae Belle.

Dry Creek, WV     25 March 1905


*(13)  HORSE CREEK MOUNTAIN.            Horse Creek Mountain is located between Horse Creek and Dry Creek, the head of which having easy access to Sycamore, Dry Creek, and Rock Creek Hollows.  Horse Creek is a short hollow on the north side of Marsh Fork River between Sundial and Naoma, WV.



Muddy Lynn Schoolhouse

Intersection of Sturgeon Fork and Dry Creek Hollow

25 March 1905


*(14)  MUDDY LINN SCHOOLHOUSE.      Muddy Lynn School was located at the intersection of Dry Creek and Sturgeon Fork Hollows.  Eugene and Norma Pettry’s home is now located near the site of the old schoolhouse (2010).  In the above picture are the teacher, students and some parents standing in front of the schoolhouse.  Those in the picture (l to r) with later married names of the girls are: (front first row) Finley Pettry, Jack Burnside, Clarence Edgar Pettry, Cecil Bradford, Ada (Bradford-Jarrell) Jarrell, Sheffie Pettry, Mary Malinda (Pettry) Holland, Christopher “Chris” Pettry, Carrie Louise (Bradford) Allen, Icie (Bradford) Bone, Dewey Pettry, Charlie Franklin “Pap” Pettry, Harrison Burnside, (second row) Martha (Pettry) Jarrell, Ceba Margaret (Pettry) Burnside, Lula Faye (Pettry-Marks-Pettry) Acord, Fannie L. (Burnside) Lyons (in arms), Ella Pettry, Clauda Marie (Pettry) Jarrell, Harriett E. (Pettry) Jarrell, Maggie L. (Pettry) Jarrell, (third row) Charles C. Pettry – teacher, Julia Ann (Miller) Pettry – teacher’s first wife, (last row) Parthina Avner (Pettry) Jarrell, and Lillian Mae Belle (Pettry) Perry.  In this picture, Belle is pregnant with daughter Artie Irene, who was born five weeks later on April 14, 1905. At one time most everyone on Dry Creek was descended or had blood connections to these folks.  Muddy Lynn School building burned down some years later.


*(15)  MISS. JACKSON.       Miss. Emma Agnes Jackson (July 13,1871 Elizabeth, NJ – March 27, 1937 Jarrolds Valley, WV) came to this area with Miss. Minnie B. Newcomb on December 31, 1896 from serving as missionaries in New York City.  Miss. Jackson wrote the article “PIONEERING ON HORSEBACK” in this report about 18 years (1914) after arriving in the area.  Miss. Jackson left the area and became matron of the girl’s dormitory at Maryville College, TN, founded in 1819.  She later was Director of The Haines House, an orphanage in Haines, Alaska.  Haines is a small fishing community and fuel depot on the west side of Lynn Canal, north of Juneau, Alaska.  Both Maryville College, TN and The Haines House are Presbyterian institutions.  Because of poor health, Miss. Jackson returned to the Jarrolds Valley area and resumed her missionary work.  At her request, she was buried in the Jarrolds Valley Presbyterian Church Cemetery.


*(16)  MISS. NEWCOMB.        Miss. Minnie B. Newcomb (May 1875 Hamilton, NJ ~ 1923 Hamilton, NJ) was a missionary in the city of New York where she met and worked with Miss. Jackson.  The two of them came to WV together, living first in a very old log house provided by Joel and Cora (Jarrell) Phipps at the present location of Whitesville.  Later they moved into and were the first missionaries to live in the manse at Jarrolds Valley.  Miss. Newcomb became engaged to Joseph Nelson Williams (Aug. 11, 1875 Pettus–Aug. 17, 1900 Pettus of TB), the son of Floyd Jackson and Pauline Ann (Jarrell) Williams.  Joseph died before any marriage and was the first person to be buried at Packsville Cemetery.  Years later Miss. Newcomb developed heart problems and returned to her family’s home in Hamilton, NJ where she died.



Lemuel Calfee “Sam” Jarrell, Sr. cabin near Marfork overflowing well.

Roof and fence improvements were added ~ 1905.


*(17)  JARRELL’S VALLEY. Jarrell’s Valley (Jarrolds Valley) is so named because of the large number of Jarrell families originally living in this area.  The spelling “Jarrolds” is most likely a local early corrupt spelling of the name “Jarrell”.   Jarrell comes from shorting the family name of Fitzgerald or Fitzjarrell.  Jarrolds Valley at one time referred mostly to the whole valley of Clear Fork below the mouth of Sycamore Fork Hollow.  Now Jarrolds Valley refers to and is located at the mouth of Clear Fork near Whitesville, WV.  Gibson Jarrell and Sarah Petry were married in Monroe Co., living there and in Cumberland Gap, TN-KY area before moving to the mouth of Sycamore Hollow on Clear Fork in ~1823.  Gibson was a large man and was a champion fist fighter in Monroe Co.  This area of Monroe Co. is now Mercer Co. (originally Giles Co., Va.) and they lived in the Athens-Pipestem area.  Most all of their children were born in Monroe County and Cumberland Gap.  The move to settle at Sycamore was prompted by the fact that his brother, Lemuel, Sr. and his Petry in-laws, lived across the mountain on Little Marsh Fork.  Lemuel Calfee Jarrell, Sr. (5 Feb. 1780-25 Aug. 1858) lived near the Marfork overflowing (artesian) well and Martin Petry lived near the Packsville overflowing (artesian) well.  According to Uncle George M. Jarrell, Martin Petry scouted out Little Marsh for homesteading in the summer of 1801.  Martin Petry (Jan. 19, 1757 Orange Co. Va.~1836 Packsville, Va.) stayed, living “Daniel Boone style”, staking out a site for home and farm.  Within a year he had built a cabin and maintained this cabin and his cabin in Monroe Co., moving to Little Marsh Fork full time in early 1820s.  Lemuel, Sr. moved from Monroe Co. a few years later (~1823) with his wife, Elizabeth Farley, staked out a site for home and farm.  Lemuel Sr. and Gibson Jarrell (~1773 Culpeper Co. Va.–Nov. 1, 1862 Colcord) were sons of Daniel and Mary (Davis) Jarrell.   Sarah Margaret Petry (~1785 Rockingham Co. Va.–Dec. 29, 1861 Colcord, Va./WV) was the daughter of Martin and Elizabeth Ann “Betsy” (Raines) Petry.  Known children of Gibson and Sarah are:


            Madison                                   married             #1 Susan Toney

                                                                                                #2 Celia Kelley

            John Gibson                             married             Margaret Toney

            Anderson                                 married             #1 Elizabeth Lafferty

                                                                                                #2 Jane Carrow

            Harrison                                   married             #1 Flora Pettry

#2 Mrs. Nancy (Pettry) Davis  

            Amanda                                   married             #1 Jessie Toney

                                                                                                #2 Burdine Stover

            Frances Peachy                        never married, but had 4 children.

            Emily                                        married             Meredith Wills

Alethia Mae      b. 1820            married 4 July 1837      Chapman Thompson b.~1811

Albert                                       married             Julia Ann Rutherford




Uncle George McClellan and Aunt Mary Jane “Mollie” (Farley) Jarrell.

Martin Petry’s Log Cabin, Packsville, WV.






Pete, Aunt Molly, Uncle George and Essay Opal Jarrell

and their home at Packsville, WV.



Uncle George McClellan Jarrell told Dewey Bone, Sr., Principal of Pettus Elementary School, who was doing genealogy research for a Master’s Degree, that Chapman Thompson (~1811-1888 Colcord) came to the Clear Fork area with the Gibson Jarrell party when a very young man about 13 years old, from the Athens-Pipestem area of Monroe Co. in ~1825.  Four local Confederate Home Guardsmen hung a Union Sympathizer at Packsville on the night that Uncle George M. Jarrell was born (26 April 1865 or 7 April 1865), setting and drinking around a fire all night while their victim hung in a tree nearby.  I was told the man was Joseph Harper.  He lived near the Clear Fork Post office.  The Confederate Home Guardsmen took him at night from his home and brought him to Packsville and hung him.  I have seen other records that state they hung Joseph Harper near Eccles on 4 April 1864 and other dates in 1863 &1865.  If he was hung near Eccles, then a good reason for the naming of “Harper Hill”.  Which tale is true, I do not know.  Uncle George, a descendent of Martin Petry, was born in Martin’s old log home and inherited Martin’s land from his mother side of the family.  Chapman Thompson was one of the few Confederate sympathizers on Clear Fork.  I believe Chapman is the brother or half-brother of Captain James Thompson, CSA, and the son of James O. Thompson.  Captain James Thompson (b. 1810), of the Monroe Co.’s CSA Home Guard and an ardent Confederate, was bushwhacked and killed on May 23, 1865 for hanging Parkinson F. Pennington (1828-29 Aug. 1861), a Union advocate, from a dogwood tree with a hickory bark rope near Concord Church (Athens, WV) without due process of law.  Union bushwhackers [Captain Benjamin Franklin Ballard’s Company, W.Va. State Troops USA, Pennington’s father, and friends] surrounded his farm and shot at him as he was running from his barn to the woods with his daughter, Mary Jane, in an attempted to escape.  Ballard Preston Petrey, then 20 years old, was credited with firing the fatal shot.  Ballard Petrey and Pennington’s brother are also credited with killing Andrew Jackson Gunnoe of Wyoming Co.’s CSA Home Guard on 14 Aug. 1864 in much the some way for the same reasons.  Thompson’s wife, Luce Ann (Allen) and daughter, Mary Jane had gone to the barn to warn him of the Union bushwhackers’ presents.  Although he was expecting retaliations for his actions against Parkinson Pennington and Union solders and their families during the Civil War, he had monetary dropped his defenses.  Charles C. Clark (20 May 1824-1917) developer the Salt works on Lick Creek, married James Thompson’s daughters #1 Arthelia (10 May 1836-10 May 1876) and on 13 April 1884, #2 Mrs. Mary Jane (Thompson) McCorkle (1839-1906).  All are buried on the ol‘James Thompson farm on Lick Creek in Mercer Co. WV.  Ballard Preston Petrey is buried in the Pettry Cemetery at Dry Creek and his Union headstone reads: B.P. PETTRY--BALLARD’S CO. W.VA. State Troops.






Ballard Preston Petrey’s Headstone

Pettry Cemetery, Dry Creek, WV


The Home Guards were groups of opportunists who formed together under the Union or Confederate banner and roamed the area plundering indiscriminately farms for their personal gain, while the men were away in the army with only women at home.  On occasions they would capture solders of the other side of their alliances when they were home on military leave, turning them over as prisoners of war or simple kill them.  No Home Guards in W.Va. were sanction by the Union or Confederate governments.  The W.Va. State Troops were formed by the new W.Va. State Government (June 20, 1863) to curb the outlaw activities of the Home Guards and individuals taking advantage of the turmoil caused by the Civil War.


*(18)  DRY CREEK.       Dry Creek is a short Hollow between Horse Creek and Rock Creek.  It is so named because the small creek often dries up during the summer.  The first settler on Dry Creek was Wilson Smith Abbott who laid claim to the whole hollow in 1838.  His cabin was located at the mouth of the hollow behind the present Presbyterian Church.  He was the Deputy Sheriff and tax collector of the area when it was Fayette County before and during the first part of the Civil War.  Wilson and Mary (Keatley) Abbott are buried in the Cooper-Bone Cemetery on Dry Creek.


*(19)  MISS. BUNDAY.         Misses. Dora and Carry Louise Bunday were sister missionaries.  I believe that Miss. Carry Louise Bunday was the guiding missionary that arranged for Ella’s daughter, Dora, to get a good education.  Dora’s full name is Dora Ruth Pettry


*(20)  MISS. McEWEN.         Miss. Laura McEwen taught at “The Home School” between 1925 and 1926.





Originally 2nd Marsh Fork Union Presbyterian Church Manse.


Mouth of Dry Creek, WV rebuilt  ~1936




Marsh Fork Union Presbyterian Church

Originally built ~1915, as appears today.

Dry Creek, WV




*(21)  MISS. HARRIS.    Miss. Fannie Elizabeth Harris came to the area in ~1902 and was one of the first missionaries serving the Dry Creek area.  Miss. Harris was from Philadelphia, PA and spent many years in the Dry Creek area, first boarding with Robert Lee “Bob” and Parthina (Pettry) Jarrell and later in the manse.   Robert Lee “Bob” Jarrell was the son of Callous and Harriett Ann (Toney) Jarrell and Parthina Pettry was the daughter of Ella Pettry and William Miles Watrous.  The manse was built in 1914, across the creek from the Dry Creek Presbyterian Church (Union Marsh Fork Presbyterian Church U.S.A.), which was built in 1915.  The manse burned down and another was built about 1936.  Miss. Harris rode a horse named “Billy King” that she bought from Bob Jarrell.  Sometime after Dr. Mills died, the Presbyterian Church Missions relieved her of her duties to retirement because of age.  She remained in the area serving and living with Lula Faye (Pettry) Marks, the daughter of Ella Pettry, at Stickney, and still later at Packsville with Miss. Fannie “Min” L. Reed before leaving the area after 1926.










Robert Lee “Bob” and Parthina Avner (Pettry) Jarrell

and daughter Dora Violet ~1912.


*(22)  DR. MILLS.      Dr. Alice F. Mills was a MD-missionary and came to the area of Dry Creek joining Miss. Elizabeth Harris and others living in the manse.  Dr. Mills provided a much-needed service to the area’s women for they needed a medical doctor.  Being a woman MD was by far a greater service to the women at that time and place than being taught the teachings of Christianity.  Dr. Mills was the daughter of James E. Mills and she brought a Bible belonging to her father with her to WV.  This Bible had been a gift to her father from his brother Henry on Jan. 1, 1862.  I have possession of the Bible now.  Dr. Mills died while serving in the area.


*(23)  MR. AND MRS. REAUGH.       Rev. George A. and Rachel Reaugh ministered at Dry Creek, Edwight, Montcoal and Stickney.  They were from Illinois and had a daughter named Irene.  Rev. Reaugh, Presbyterian Minister, died at age 66 in an auto accident on Sept. 21, 1928.






Lillian Mae Belle (Pettry) and Rev. Charles Wesley Perry



*(24)  BELLE.   Lillian Mae Belle (Pettry) Perry (29 May 1881 Dry Creek–30 June 1919 of TB, Dry Creek) was the daughter of Ella Pettry and Charles Alexander Burnside.  Belle had two children before marrying (Jan. 3, 1910) Rev. Charles W. Perry of Dempsey/Page, near Fayetteville, WV.  Charles Wesley Perry (Oct. 10,1856 Pulaski Co. Va.-Oct. 2, 1946 Beckley, W.Va.) the son of Oliver H. and Sarah Ann (Butts) Perry married #1 (Feb. 10, 1876) Mary Elizabeth Beckenheimer (1853-bef. 1897 Page, WV), she was the daughter of William Isaac and Sarah Beckenheimer.  I was told Elizabeth was found dead in the doorway of a coalhouse in the backyard.  Charles and Elizabeth are buried at Page, WV.  Charles and Belle first lived at Dempsey, but left the area hoping to fine a cure/relief for her TB.  They lived a short time at Gallipolis, Cincinnati, and Akron, OH, he working for the Presbyterian Church.  Charles Perry married #3 (Aug. 5, 1922) Emma J. Lucas, the widow of J.C. Lucas.  Charles Perry was a Minister-farmer-Postmaster.  Elizabeth and his known 11 children are:


Willey Mae

Ada Leslie


Cyrus Edward                          married Lottie Meadows

Sarah Jane                                married T.N. Darlington

Clyde Bruce                             married Margarite Shupe

Clara                                        married Booker Houchins

Myrtle Nina

Melvin Norman

Ernest Isaac

Mary Prudence             married Thomas Spradin

Gaden Edward                         unsure about this named.  ?


Belle and Charles Perry had no children, but Belle’s two children, Dewey and Artie, were reared by her mother Ella, and they are: Dewey Pettry (15 Jan. 1899 Dry Creek–14 July 1979 Beckley, WV Veterans Hospital) and Artie Irene (Pettry) Bradford (14 April 1905 Dry Creek–20 April 1983 Charleston, WV).

Dewey (nmn) Pettry often used ‘George’ as a first name.  Dewey’s father was

Phillip Sheridan Price, the son of David and Martha Bennett (Dunn) Price.  Sheridan Price’s (19 Feb. 1870 Ashe Co., NC-Sept. 1947 Terry, WV) grandfather, Jesse W. Price (55 years old), Jesse’s sons, Hiram (32) and Moses (20) and Jesse’s nephew, Solomon Price (20s), were hanged at Jefferson, North Carolina by eight or nine intoxicated men of the local Ashe Co., CSA Home Guard because they were sympathizers of the Union cause.  The Home Guard, led by Major George Washington “Wash” Long (20 Sept. 1809-22 April 1907), used hemp ropes to do the deed on 23 March 1863 on Ashe Co. Courthouse’s front lawn.  Moses Price (26 July 1843 Ashe Co. NC-8 July 1913 Abingdon, VA) was found alive when cut down.  Dr. & Rev. James Wagg, a physician and Methodist preacher, resuscitated Moses by rubbing snow on his face.  Thomas Price, an uncle, revenged killed five of the Home Guardsmen after the Civil War.  Some of the Home Guardsmen died in the Civil War, but three of the men were killed locally in NC, the forth man had become a preacher at Madison, WV, and the fifth man he found in Louisiana.  Washington Long lived to be 92 years old. Thomas kept the Price’s motto, “Get mad and get even”.  This is the main reason that this Price family left Ashe Co., NC in three cover wagons and came to Logan in Boone Co. in 1863 and then to Horse Creek and Rock Creek in Raleigh Co., WV.  I believe Moses’ full name is Benjamin Moses Price and after the hangings his nicknamed became “Scape Gallows Price”.  He was blind in one eye and had a minie ball in his shoulder resulting from a small battle at Buchanan, VA, serving in the Union Army’s 7th W.Va. Cal. Vol. Co.’s I & B 2nd Reg.




Homer, Sheridan and Herman Price                              Phillip Sheridan Price

          and Dewey Pettry. ~1940, Terry, WV          ~1899 Spanish-American War Uniform


            Dewey joined the Army in 1915 when 16 years old for 4 years.  He spent the first part of his enlistment in Texas and Mexico.  After WWI started he was sent to Newport News, Va. and was severally food poisoned at Newport News while waiting to be shipped to France.  He spent the rest of his enlistment in various Army hospitals before being discharged, and often had to receive treatment at Veteran’s Hospitals for the next 25 years.  Dewey worked in the coalmines for ~30 years.  He turned his hobby of bee keeping into a business and became the largest honey producer in WV and perhaps one of the largest single honey producer on the East Coast, north of Georgia.  In ~1945 he bought the Packsville General Store, first renting it to Millard E. Pauley for a couple of years then operating it himself until he retired in 1965.  Dewey married (25 Dec. 1924) Icie Marie Williams (21 Feb. 1906 Bald Knob, WV-11 Feb. 2000 Germantown, OH), the daughter of Charles Logan and Sarah Louise (Webb) Williams and reared his family of 4 girls and 4 boys at Packsville, WV.  After retiring they moved to Meadow Creek in Summers Co., WV on New River where they persuaded their hobbies of fishing and gardening.  Dewey and Icie’s children are:


            Verna Mae                               married John Ray Sparks

            Imogene Merle             married Eddie Harold Jarrell

            George Dewey, Jr.                   married Virginia Beatrice (Keenan) Kirby

            Mary Irene                               27 Dec. 1931-16 June 1932

            James Roland                           married Nancy Kay Faulconer

            Nancy Lee                               married Alvin Jones Arnett

            Charles Stanley             married Edith Ann Pittsonburger

            Edgar Allen                              married Thelma Agnes Sauls


Artie Irene Pettry’s father was James Allen Petrey, the son of Mary Emoline Williams and Henry Higginbotham.  Sylvester Plunkett Petrey adopted James Allen (6 Dec. 1869 Indian Ridge, WV-29 May 1918 Hinton, WV) when he married Emoline and they lived on Indian Ridge, near Pipestem in Summers County in a two story log house.  This house was still standing in 1985 and this family still has a Petrey reunion at Pipestem on the second Sunday of July each year.  Artie married (June 26, 1922) William McKinley Bradford (31 Dec.1898 Rock Creek-1 Nov. 1956), the son of George Washington and Dicey Jane Virginia (Massey) Bradford.  Artie raised her family of 4 boys and 2 girls at Eunice, Rock Creek, and Cabin Creek, WV.  Artie and McKinley’s children are:


Charles Dewey             married Rita Marie “June” Cantley

George Leo                              married Betty Lou Lynch

Ella Doris                                 married Joseph Mazwell Comuzie

Joseph Hamilton                       married Janet Elaine Thomas

William John     “Bill John”        married #1 Margaret Joan (Igo) Hodge

                                                            #2 Kathleen Doris (Werner) Metzger

            Carol JoAnn                             married Stanton Thomas, Jr.     


Belle, Lula, Parthina, Ceba, Electra, Ella, Charles Alexander, Dewey, Icie, Mary Irene, Nancy Lee, John, Verna Mae, Ardellia, Ballard, Artie, Charles Dewey and Margaret Joan are buried in the Pettry Cemetery on Dry Creek.  The following is Belle’s obituary appearing in a Beckley newspaper.



Dies of Tuberculosis

            Mrs. Belle Perry, wife of C.W. Perry died at home at Dry Creek on June 30, 1919, of tuberculosis from the ravages of which she had been a sufferer for some time.  Mrs. Perry was 39 years of age and the mother of two children.  Her husband is a Fayette County man.  They had been living in the west for some years, but came east to Akron, Ohio and then to Dry Creek only a few weeks before Mrs. Perry’s death.



Artie Irene (Pettry) Bradford & Dewey Pettry


(25)  MY GRANDSON.         Ella’s grandson was Dewey Pettry, the son of her daughter, Lillian Mae Belle Pettry and Phillip Sheridan Price.  Ella reared Dewey and his half sister, Artie.  Dewey was my father.  See superscript (24) BELLE) for more information on Dewey and Artie.


*(26)  HOME SCHOOL.        This refers to the Pattie C. Stockdale Memorial School at Colcord, on Clear Fork.  Miss. Martha Priscilla Spencer is credited as the founder of “The Home School”.  The Chapel was originally financed by Elizabeth Stockdale and named after her mother, Pattie C. Stockdale.  Because most of the students lived on campus in dormitories, it was referred to as “The Home School”.  Students paid little or no tuition, room or board.  Students worked maintaining the school and its small farm.  Although the Pattie C. Stockdale School is no more, I understand they still have “Home Coming Reunions”.  I found while researching in some publications at the Union Theological Seminary & Presbyterian School of Christian Education’s Library in Richmond, VA, Pattie C. Stockdale School was often written in error as: Pattie C. Stockwell School.




Dora Ruth Pettry 19th Birthday Photos.

June 18, 1908 Ironton, OH


*(27)  ONE.      One [of my girls] was given a grand education.  This was Ella’s daughter, Dora Ruth (18 June 1889 Dry Creek, WV-22 Feb. 1911 of Typhoid pneumonia, at Charles Gray Hospital, Ironton, OH).  Dora was Ella’s daughter by Rev. Winters, a Presbyterian Minister in the area of Dry Creek.  Rev. Winters later transferred to Charleston, WV.  It appears the Presbyterian missionaries, especially Miss. Carry Louise Bunday, took special interest and care of Dora.  Perhaps it was a feeling of guilt that a fellow missionary had fathered Dora out of wedlock, to see that Dora was well taken care of.  The missionaries convinced Ella to let them educate Dora and sent her to the ‘Pattie C. Stockdale School’ and on to higher education in the Presbyterian establishment.  The Presbyterians sent Dora to Ironton, OH to attend higher education.  After going to school there for two years she married Harry Todd Morrison, a butcher shop owner, in March 1910.  Eleven months later and pregnant, she died of typhoid pneumonia.  Dora is buried in area 15 of Woodland Cemetery in Ironton, OH.  The following article was written in the “Irontonian” newspaper of the death of Dora and the attempt of her mother, Ella Pettry, in February 1911 to travel to Ironton, OH to see her.


Walked Miles in Snow

To See Dying Daughter;

Was not Recognized


“A touching incident setting forth vividly, the wonderful mother love that is willing to sacrifice self unreservedly, in order to go to her child when needed, was brought to light Thursday.  Mrs. Ella Pettry, mother of Mrs. Harry Morrison, an account of whose death was in yesterday’s Irontonian, lives back in the mountains of West Virginia in a little hamlet called Dry Creek.  The mail isn’t delivered every day, and the first letter written Mrs. Pettry telling her daughter’s illness, was kept over and sent out with the second, which brought the sad information that Dora could not last much longer.  There were no means of transportation, and the mountains were wrapped in ice and snow, but the dauntless mother’s love, which has recognized no obstacles since the beginning of time, was yearning for her child.  At daybreak Monday, she started on her arduous walk over the mountains accompanied by one of the neighbor boys.  Part of the road was fairly passable, but at times they were compelled to climb over piles of brush and cordwood, fully ten feet high.  In this manner the seven miles from her home to Colcord, W.Va., where they took a train, was covered by evening.  But in spite of the magnificent effort put forth by the mother, who is fifty-seven years of age, her beloved daughter was past recognizing her when she reached her, and passed into the spirit world without a farewell word to the loved one.”


Note:     Harry Todd Morrison (Feb. 9, 1885-Feb.20, 1930) had a successful meat-market business and was the son of Mrs. Ida Belle Morrison (~1860-Oct. 30, 1934 of TB).  Harry’s brother, Lorenzo Dow Morrison, was killed at night during a street robbery on his way home from work on Aug. 31, 1924 at age 40.  Harry married #2 Lenna Baldwin and they had no children.  Harry cut his left hand on a sharp bone while working in his butcher shop.  The cut got infected and he got blood poisoning, which took him a long time to recover from it.  Harry continued to have poor health for sometime and had an exploratory medical operation on Feb. 19, 1930.  He had developed the blood cancer, leukemia.  When the doctors at Marting Hospital operated they found an enlarged spleen, a sign of viral, parasitic or bacterial infection or leukemia metastasizing, spreading throughout his blood system.  Harry died the next day at 10:00 am of surgical shock at age 45.  He was buried on a Sunday and Lenna shot herself the following Tuesday.   The shot entered her chest, through her left lung and exit her back.  She did not die from the gunshot but died seven years later on Sept. 9, 1937 at age 55.  Harry is buried at Woodland Cemetery, but not near where Dora or Lorenzo are buried.  Woodland Cemetery is located at the SE end of South 9th Street in Ironton, OH.

            Ironton was a progressive town before and during the Civil War with the production of iron.  With its access to railroad and river barge traffic and local iron ore deposit, the town grew.  After the Civil War the request for steel caught Ironton’s iron ore deposit near exhausted and its old designed iron furnaces incapably of producing steel.


*(28)  HELP US LIVE.            I remember my father, Dewey Pettry, telling me that when he was a child of 8 or 9 years old, he began to realize that most people did not get their shoes and clothes free from the Presbyterian barrels as he got his.  His grandmother, Ella, a single mother, reared 8 of her own children, and some of her grandchildren, plus Charles Alexander Burnside, who was worthless, with no income or man willing to work the 4.29 acres rocky hillside farm (see *(31) superscript).  The Presbyterian Church gathered shoes and clothing from their more affluent parishes and shipped them in wooden boxes and barrels to this area of WV.  A train would bring the clothes originally to Acme on Cabin Creek, then later after ~1910 to Whitesville and Colcord.  The clothes would be transferred to horse drawn wagons and taken to Clear Fork and Marsh Fork areas and parceled out free to the neediest families and sold for a small price to others.  This was a proven practice of most Churches in support of missionary fieldwork in the US, around the world, and is practice still.  Most people in these areas were more than dirt-poor.

About ~1900 a sad lesson was learned when it was discovered that shipping unsanitary clothing introduced smallpox and pestilence into an area.  After ~1900, the crates and barrels used to ship clothes were tagged with a sign; “SAFE – Sanitary Clothing Inside”.  My father had one of these barrels and used it to sit us children upon to cut our hair.  He cut my hair in such a fashion that a lock of hair fell over my forehead and one eye.  Because of this, other kids in the neighborhood called me ‘Hitler’ for a time.  This nickname experience proved valuable to me, for like the song sung by Johnny Cash, “My name is Sue”, and it taught me the value of first strike to overcome my tormentors at Warren Wilson College and in the military.


Dewey Pettry and son, Allen

1943 Packsville, WV


*(29)   MY SIX GIRLS.          Ella was referring to her 6 living girls at home, because by this time her daughter Dora had died in 1911 (see *(27) superscript).  It may have been stretching the truth a bit by claiming all her daughters had a Christian home, but I can’t be the judge of that.  Ella’s daughters Ceba Burnside, Parthina Jarrell and Lula Marks worked as cooks at “The Home School” at different times.




Ella Pettry and Jr. Pettry

This picture appeared in the Missionaries’ article about Ella.


*(30)  “THROW OUT” CHILD.          This statement also refers to the picture on page 289 showing Ella Pettry and Jr. feeding chickens in front of her home at Dry Creek.  I have not been able to identify just who “Jr.” was to my satisfaction.  This article states that Jr. was a “throw out child from a Charleston orphanage”.  This doesn’t ring true to me for I have been told that Jr. was one of two brothers adopted by Ella’s son Charlie-“Pap” and given (dumped) to Ella to take care of after his first marriage ended.  Jr. was named after Charlie-“Pap” when he adopted him and his brother Sam, although I am not sure.  Jr. always referred to himself as “Charles or C.F.”.  Jr. and Sam may not have been brother before the adoption.  Jr. married Beulah Mae Smith and they had a daughter, Carol Sue (b. Feb. 8, 1942).  Jr. disappeared around 1944, leaving his wife and daughter and has not been seen or heard from since.  Lula told everyone that Jr. went “out West” or to Florida and got into serious trouble with the law.  My research suggests that he ran away to Florida with a woman.  After spending a short time there working on a farm planting potatoes; by train they went to Richmond, Va. and for a while living the good life at the Regent Hotel.  In a letter to Lula from the Regent Hotel, he describes the hotel’s restaurant as great and that he had a “Leg of Lamb” that evening.  They left Richmond on the train, traveling thru Washington, D.C. and Baltimore to New York City.   A short time later they went to Pennsylvania; both got good jobs and stayed with Jr. living under the name of C.F. Burnside.  In a letter, he asked Lula not to disclose his address or aka name to anyone.  Their good jobs were War Defense production related.  He may have truly gotten into trouble with the law in Florida.   Jr. had spent some time in a C.C.C. Camp in Company 2547 at Elbert, Colorado in 1929.  Lula knew all this but told me he had gone “out West” and others “to Florida” when he disappeared in 1944.  Lula reared Sam while she was married to Earl Marks (Miricks) living at Stickney and after Earl’s death, at Hanley.  Sam left the area when young and returned to Dry Creek a few times to visit as a truck driver for a circus.  Charlie-“Pap” worked on the C&O Railroad at Pratt and lived in Hansford and Hanley in Kanawha Co. near Charleston, WV.  Charlie-“Pap” had no children of his own but was married 5 times, marrying Mrs. Pearl B. Kokesh, twice.  I remember Great-uncle Charlie- “Pap” over the years always holding a young child, none of which was his own.  Great-uncle Charles Franklin Petry was called “Charlie-Pap” because he always said when young that he was Pap’s boy.  Charles A. Burnside was his father and all his children called him “Pap”.





Picture here

Lula (Pettry) Marks and San

Carol Sue and Junior Pettry





       Ardellia P. and Ballard Preston Petrey                    Ella Pettry & home

~1927 Dry Creek, WV


*(31)  MOUNTAIN SIDE.      This statement describes Ella Pettry’s 4.29 acres farm which includes a .3 acre cemetery (Pettry Cemetery), as a “mere rock tip-tilted on a mountain side” where she snatched out a living.  I cannot see how a person could ever snatch or scratch out a living on this small farm.  Ella had no draft animals, but Andrew Smith Byrnside (Charles A. Burnside’s father) plowed her meek farm each year for free and he also gave her a cow.  No more than 1 ½ acres are farmable.  This parcel of land is still intact and still in the family.  After Ella died her property went to her daughter Lula, and then was sold to grandson Dewey Pettry, who gave it to his grandson, Charles Stanley Pettry II, about 1969.  The house that Ella reared her family in was built in ~1904 and torn down in ~1985.  My brother Charles and his wife built a home on the property and lives there now (2008).

            This property was given to Ella by her half-sister Ardellia and her husband Ballard Preston Petrey on 18 October 1913 for $1.00 and other considerations.  Originally part of Ardellia and Ballard’s farm, it is located on the left side of the intersection of Sturgeon Fork and Dry Creek Hollow.  I have a copy of the deed translation and plot outlining this property.  Ballard and Ardellia signed the deed with their mark ( X ) because they could not read or write.  In the deed it is stated that a cemetery plot was already there and was started by D.S. Byrnside [correction - D.W. Byrnside].  The first person to be buried in the Pettry Cemetery was Dorcas Wilson Byrnside’s infant daughter, Martha ~ 1870.  Ballard’s farm was originally part of Andrew Smith and Dorcas Wilson (Abbott) Byrnside’s 400-acre farm.  The Byrnsides purchased the 400 acres in 1859 from Dorcas’ uncle, Wilson Smith Abbott, who laid claim to the whole of Dry Creek in 1838.  Ella signed a number of wills later in life that described the property correctly as being 4.29 acres and at other times as 1.29 acres.  Charles C. Pettry, a schoolteacher and Notary Public wrote the deed and wills.  Ella’s children taught her to read [spell‘em-out] some Bible print and to read and write some cursive handwriting.





This is work in progress.

I invite comments, additions, corrections and variations to this bit of southern

West Virginia history.  You are welcome to copy the contents of this report

in part or whole.




The best New and Coal Rivers has to offer.


James R. Pettry

P.O. Box 1067

King George,  VA  22485

Phone: 540-775-7144







Some early Presbyterian Missionaries and Ministers.


Clear Fork and Marsh Fork Districts of Raleigh County, WV.



            It should be remembered that these missionaries who served gave up family, comfort and home, their life and in most cases, a family of their own, to serve in a wilderness, backward area to bring a better way of life by education and teaching Christianity to people who were mostly unappreciative.




Evangelist C.L. Hunbert

Baptism on Marsh Fork River at Pettus, mouth of Little Marsh Fork.




Miss. Anna Belle Stewart                      Director of Pattie C. Stockdale Memorial School

                                                            at Colcord, W.Va. 1925-1935

Miss. Rose M. Stewart             Taught at the “Home School”.

Miss. McMillian

Miss. Eliza N. Robinson                        She was from New York State.

Miss. Elizabeth Harris                           Served at Dry Creek and later at Packsville.

Miss. Flora Scuddy                              Served at Dry Creek.

Miss Crim

Dr. & Mrs. William T. Hood                 Served at Little Marsh Fork.

Dr. & Mrs. Henry H. Miller                  Served at Dry Creek.

Miss. Cora B. Faush

Rev. W.S. Patterson                             Served on Clear Fork.

Rev. R.H. Fulton

Miss. Ethel Lewis                                 Served at Packsville and Dry Creek.                            

Rev. Marvin R. Rankin             Nearly blind.

Dr. Christopher Humble                        From Chicago about 1894, one son Robert.

Dr. Calvin Ely                                       Drs. Ely and Humble secured the money to build the chapel at Jarrolds Valley, which was built in 1896.

Dr. Alice F. Mills, MD              Served at Dry Creek.  I have her Bible.

Miss. Dora Bunday                               Served at Dry Creek, sister to Carry.

Miss. Carry Louise Bunday                   First missionary at Dry Creek, sister to Dora.

Miss. Laura McEwen                           Dry Creek and taught at “The Home School”.

Miss. Block                                          Served on Peach Tree Hollow.

Miss. Martha Priscilla Spencer              Served at Colcord on Clear Fork.  The first missionary in the Coal River area and established the Pattie C. Stockdale School for Girls at Lawson (Colcord) on Clear Fork.  Miss. Spencer was a Kansas schoolteacher, originally from PA.

Miss. Adams                                        Worked with Miss. Spencer and was her niece.

Miss. Minnie B. Newcomb                   From New Jersey, served in New York City before coming to WV, serving and living at Jarrolds Valley with Miss. Jackson.

Miss. Emma Agnes Jackson                  From New Jersey, served in New York City before coming to WV, serving and lived at Jarrolds Valley with Miss. Newcomb.  Miss. Jackson (July 13, 1861 – March 27, 1937) is buried at Jarrolds Valley in the Presbyterian Church Cemetery.

Miss. Katharine M. Doam                    From Michigan, served at Clear Fork, Peach Tree, and Jarrolds Valley.

Rev. George A. & Rachel Reaugh         From Illinois, served at Edwight, Stickney, Montcoal and Dry Creek, had a daughter, Irene. He died at age 66 in an auto accident on Sept. 21, 1928.

Miss. Amelia McNair                           Married Joe Bradford on Dry Creek.

Miss. Medison Woods             Principle of “The Home School”, 30 years old, during 1910.  She was from NY.

Rev. Winter                                          Served at Dry Creek then Charleston, WV.

Rev. Albert L. Stewart              Pastor at Dorothy and Dry Creek.

Rev. W.T. Wood                                 Pastor at Montcoal.

Miss. Clara E. Heninger                        She was from Indiana.

Rev. C.H. Doolittle

Rev. Robert  J. Topping

Rev. I.J. Williams                                  Died of TB at Presbyterian Hospital in Albuquerque, NM

Rev. Lippards                                       Lived on Clear Fork at Lawson.

Rev. Metcalfs                                       Lived in the manse at ‘Pattie C. Stockdale School for Girls’ on Clear Fork.

Rev. William John Price                        Replaced Rev. Metcalfs.

Rev. S.R. Sheriff                                   Lived in the manse at Jarrolds Valley.

Miss. Edna Landfried                            Lived at Jarrolds Valley in 1924.

Rev. Charles W. & Frances (Hall) Pinder          Served at Dry Creek and Montcoal.  Rev. Pender officiated at the funeral of my sister, Mary Irene Pettry (June 16, 1932).

Miss. Helen F. Dishrow                        Served at Packsville, living with Miss. Fanney L. Reed.

Miss. Loudan

Miss. Julia Williams

Miss. Ella Carter Carson                       Taught at “The Home School”.  Reassigned to Warren Wilson College as a housemother for the men’s Dormitory.

Miss. Fannie “Min” L. Reed                  Miss. Reed lived at Dry Creek and later moved to Packsville.  She inherited some money, which she used to buy a house at Packsville.  After Miss. Reed died, my father bought this house that was known as “The Green House”. The money he paid for the house went to help pay for rebuild the manse at Dry Creek, which had burned down. The rest of Miss. Reed’s inheritance was spent helping those in need in the local area.  Miss. Reed (d.1936) was from Pennsylvania.  Living with her at different times were Miss. Williams, Miss. Elizabeth Harris, Miss. Ethel Lewis, Miss. Ella Carter Carson and others.  Both Miss. Reed and Miss. Carson assisted Dr. Chambers at my birth on 27 March 1933.  They were responsible for giving me my first name, James.  When I attended Warren Wilson College at Swannanoa, NC (1947-1951), Miss. Carson was the Men’s Dormitory Housemother, and always reminded me when I got into trouble that; “James [the Disciples] would not have done that”.  James became a heavy name for me to carry at Warren Wilson College with Miss. Carson watching over me like a hawk..


Miss. Shirley Jo Smith                           Miss. Smith was the missionary that influenced most of the Warren Wilson College students to attend from the Marsh Fork, Clear Fork and Boone County areas of WV in the late 1940s and early 1950s.  Her brother, Walter S. Smith, attended WWC and graduated in 1948. Walter escorted me to WWC in Aug. 1947, my first trip there.  I was 14 years old at the time.  I had the pleasure of meeting him again 60 years later at a WWC reunion in Oct. 2008. Miss. Smith was originally from the mid-West.


Miss. Anna Diem                                              Miss. Anna Beatrice Elizabeth Diem (April 1, 1910 Johnstown, PA-Oct. 27, 2007) came to Clear Fork in 1949 and devoted the rest of her life to missionary efforts serving Clear Fork, Spruce Creek, Ameagle, Dorothy and various other places in Raleigh and Boone Counties.



Many children in the Clear Fork and Marsh Fork Districts of Raleigh County

were named after the Presbyterian Missionaries.


I invite comments, corrections, additions and variations to this bit of

southern West Virginia history.  You are welcome to copy this report in part or whole.




The best New and Coal Rivers has to offer.


James R. Pettry

P.O. Box 1067

King George, VA  22485-1067

Phone:  540-775-7144